Patents & Inventions Law & Lawyers

A patent is a right granted for any device, substance, method or process which is new, inventive and useful.

A patent is legally enforceable and gives the owner the exclusive right to commercially exploit the invention for the life of the patent. This is not automatic-you must apply for a patent to obtain exclusive rights to exploit your invention.

There are two types of patents in Australia;

  • a standard patent gives long-term protection and control over an invention for up to 20 years.
  • an innovation patent is a relatively fast, inexpensive protection option, lasting a maximum of 8 years. The innovation patent replaced the petty patent on 24 May 2001.

Patents give effective protection if you have invented new technology that will lead to a product, composition or process with significant long-term commercial gain.

In return, patent applicants must share their know-how by providing a full description of how their invention works. This information becomes public and can provide the basis for further research by others.

Australian patents are administered by the Patent Office of IP Australia, a Federal Government Organisation.

Please complete your free Legal Enquiry Form to request immediate legal assistance on your legal matter.

Your Legal Enquiry Form is fast, free and easy to use and will be treated as Private and Confidential at all times.

Complete your free Legal Enquiry Form now!

See also our Intellectual Property Law & Lawyers Section by clicking here.

An outline of the patent system

Historical origins

Patents are the oldest form of intellectual property, but their historical origins are obscure. In England, in the fifteenth century, the monarch began to grant monopoly rights as a means of attracting new industries from continental Europe, but these were more in the nature of a royal licence to avoid the effects of guild regulations than a true grant of exclusive rights to carry on an activity.[4] It was only in the following century that patents began to be granted in respect of inventions, and the patent system was put on a statutory basis for the first time in the seventeenth century with the passage of the Statute of Monopolies 1623 (Statute of Monopolies). Despite its age, this English statute continues to have relevance to Australian patent law today.

As it first developed, the English patent was a slow, costly and cumbersome procedure for encouraging and protecting inventions. The procedure was described in derisory terms by Charles Dickens in a short story published in 1850, ‘A Poor Man’s Tale of a Patent’. Over the years there were many piecemeal reforms to the system, but it was the Patents Act 1883 (UK) that provided the basis of modern patent law.

Patent legislation in Australia has always been closely modelled on that of the United Kingdom. Prior to Federation, each of the Australian colonies had its own legislation based on the Patents Act 1883 (UK). In 1901, the Australian Constitution gave the newly established Commonwealth Parliament power to make laws with respect to ‘copyrights, patents of invention and designs, and trade marks’.In 1903, this power was exercised with the enactment of the Patents Act 1903 (Cth).

As in the United Kingdom, there have been many amendments to Australian patent legislation in response to formal commissions of inquiry. The 1903 Act was re-enacted with substantial changes in 1952 and again in 1990. The Patents Act 1990 (Cth) (Patents Act) provides the current legislative framework governing the grant and administration of patents in Australia.

See also our Intellectual Property Law & Lawyers Section by clicking here.

Functions of patents

Patent law has been described as a ‘stressful if fertile union’ between certain contradictory principles: self-interest and the common good; monopoly rights and liberty; the ownership of ideas and public disclosure of knowledge. This union results from the dual goals of patent law—to benefit society by encouraging the provision of new and useful goods, and to encourage and reward inventiveness.

These goals are achieved by providing incentives for innovation and knowledge sharing by granting monopoly rights, for a limited period, to exploit a new product or process. Monopoly rights encourage investment by providing an opportunity to recoup the financial outlays involved in developing an invention. They also reward the inventor by allowing a return to be made on the time and resources expended on research and development.

The limited duration of the monopoly means, however, that the patented invention eventually will be available for free and unrestricted use when the patent term expires: the compromise is thus ‘a way of securing future benefits for the common good’.In addition, patents promote knowledge sharing during the term of the patent by requiring the patent holder to place the details of the invention in the public domain. As one United States judge has stated:

The purpose of the patent system is not only to provide a financial incentive to create new knowledge and bring it to public benefit through new products; it also serves to add to the body of published scientific/technological knowledge. The requirement of disclosure of the details of patented inventions facilitates further knowledge and understanding of what was done by the patentee, and may lead to further technologic advance.

Exploitation of patents

A patent gives the inventor the right to stop others from exploiting the invention for a limited period. However, a patent does not grant an absolute right to exploit an invention in any way the inventor may choose. A patent holder may have to satisfy regulatory requirements in order to exploit the patented product or process; for example, a patented pharmaceutical compound may need approval under the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 (Cth) before it can be marketed lawfully and sold as a treatment for a particular condition. Similarly, the use of a patented invention is subject to the general law; for example, the components required to manufacture a car may be the subject of many patents, but the car must still be used in accordance with motor traffic laws.

A patent holder is not obliged to exploit a patented invention, but the failure to do so may have implications for the patent holder’s rights. For example, the patent could be subjected to compulsory licensing, or it could be used or acquired by the Crown under relevant provisions of the Patents Act. A patent holder may authorise others to exploit the patent by granting a licence on agreed terms. This may be on an exclusive, sole or non-exclusive basis, and almost certainly will require the licensee to pay royalties or other fees to the patent holder.

It is important to note that while patents are a form of intellectual property, they do not confer ownership in the physical material described in the claims for a patented product or process. Thus, a patent over a genetic sequence does not amount to ownership of the sequence itself.

Criteria for patentability

Although there is considerable variance in detail from one jurisdiction to another, most countries apply similar tests for patentability: an invention must be novel (that is, new), must involve an inventive step, and must have a useful application. In addition, the description of an invention in a patent application must be sufficient to allow a person skilled in the relevant art to create the invention independently.

Briefly, the Patents Act provides that an invention will be patentable if it is a ‘manner of manufacture’ within the meaning of s 6 of the Statute of Monopolies; is novel; involves an inventive or innovative step; is useful; and has not been used secretly within Australia prior to filing the patent application.

Certain inventions are expressly excluded from patentability. Australia has relatively few express exclusions, but they include inventions involving ‘human beings, and the biological processes for their generation’, as well as inventions the use of which would be contrary to law. Other jurisdictions recognise a broader range of exceptions, including inventions involving diagnostic, therapeutic and surgical methods of treatment of humans and animals; and inventions whose commercial exploitation would be contrary to morality or public order.

Australian Patent Law

Australian patent law operates within an international legal framework, which shapes certain procedural and substantive aspects of the patent system.

Australia has enacted legislation that regulates patenting practices within the Australian ‘patent area’ with respect to inventions involving any type of technology. The procedures for obtaining a gene patent in Australia are, broadly speaking, the same as those that apply to patents claiming any other type of technology.

Patents Legislation

Section 51(xviii) of the Australian Constitution grants the Commonwealth Parliament power to make laws with respect to ‘copyrights, patents of inventions and designs, and trade marks’. Pursuant to this power, the Parliament has enacted the Patents Act 1990 (Cth) (Patents Act) and the Patents Regulations 1991 (Cth) (Patents Regulations).

Patent protection in most countries is available for inventions that are new, involve an inventive step, and have a useful application.

In Australia, the Patents Act provides that an invention is patentable if it:

  • is a ‘manner of manufacture’—that is, the invention is appropriate subject matter for patent protection;
  • is novel;
  • involves an inventive or innovative step;
  • is useful; and
  • has not been used secretly within Australia before the priority date of the patent application.


The Australian patent system is administered by the Patent Office of IP Australia. IP Australia is a division of the Department of Industry, Tourism and Resources, but operates independently and reports directly to the Minister.

Under the Patents Act, the Commissioner of Patents has the power to grant a patent upon an application being filed with and examined by the Patent Office. IP Australia has developed the Patent Manual of Practice and Procedure (the Manual) to assist Australian patent examiners in applying the Patents Act and Patents Regulations.

State and federal courts and the Administrative Appeals Tribunal (AAT) also have a role in administering the patent system. Decisions of the Commissioner of Patents may be subject to review by the AAT or the Federal Court of Australia. The AAT may undertake merits review of the Commissioner’s decisions with respect to certain procedural matters prescribed by the Patents Act. A direct application may be made to the Federal Court for judicial review in relation to other decisions of the Commissioner; essentially those related to the grant of patents or matters closely allied to the grant (for example, amendments to patent specifications and revocations).

The Federal Court and state and territory Supreme Courts share original (first instance) jurisdiction over matters relating to the exploitation and enforcement of patent rights, including challenges to patent rights, infringement proceedings and compulsory licences. The AAT has no jurisdiction in relation to such issues.

Types of patents

Australian patent law recognises two principal types of patents:

(1) standard patents and

(2) innovation patents.

An applicant for a patent may elect to obtain protection for an invention under either system. Table A below outlines the key features of, and the difference in the scope of protection conferred by, standard and innovation patents.

Standard patents

A standard patent is the basic form of patent protection for inventions under Australian law and is consistent with the minimum requirements for patent protection under the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 1994 (TRIPS Agreement). Unless otherwise indicated, references to an Australian patent and discussions of patent rights in this Report relate only to the standard patent system.

Innovation patents

The innovation patent is a ‘second tier’ of protection, which was introduced in 2001 to replace the petty patent system.  Innovation patents are intended to provide protection for ‘lower level’ inventions for which standard patent protection is not available and which are not covered by the designs legislation.

Patents of addition

The Patents Act also provides for the grant of a ‘patent of addition’ for an improvement in, or modification to, an invention claimed in a standard patent that has already been granted.[21] A patent of addition may be obtained only by the owner of the earlier patent, or a person authorised by the owner. The term of a patent of addition expires at the same time as that of the patent on the main invention.

Table A - Features of standard patents and innovation patents


Standard patent

Innovation patent



20 years (s 67)

Extension of up to 5 years   available for certain pharmaceutical patents (ss 70–79A)

8 years (s 68)

Number of claims

No   limit

Maximum of 5 claims   (s 40(2)(c))


Inventions excluded from   patentability, or excludable at the discretion of the Commissioner of Patents

Human beings and the biological   processes for their generation (s 18(2))

Inventions whose use would be   contrary to law (s 50(1)(a))

Inventions capable of application   as a food or medicine that are a mere admixture of known ingredients   (s 50(1)(b))

Same as for a standard patent, and

Plants and animals and the   biological processes for the generation of plants and animals (s 18(3),   (4))

Level of invention required

‘Inventive step’ over the prior   art (s 7(2)–(3), sch 1)

‘Innovative step’ over the prior   art (s 7(4)–(6), sch 1)

Review by Patent Office prior to   grant

Substantive review for compliance   with the requirements for patentability (ss 44–49)

Formalities check only; no   substantive review unless requested (ss 52, 120(1A))

If you have a matter involving a Patent or invention, then please complete your free Legal Enquiry Form to request immediate legal assistance on your legal matter.

Procedure for grant of a patent

Patent rights do not arise automatically. A patent can be obtained only by following the procedure set out in the Patents Act and Patents Regulations. An understanding of the procedure for obtaining a patent is important to understanding Australian patent law generally. The steps in obtaining an Australian patent are described below.

Filing an application

For a patent to be granted, an eligible person must file an application in the form prescribed by the Patent Office. Eligible persons are the inventor of the invention claimed in the application, or a person to whom the inventor has assigned his or her rights in the invention. A patent application must include a specification of the invention, which contains instructions adequate to enable a skilled person in the relevant area of technology to produce or perform the invention. The specification must also indicate the ‘claims’ that define the invention; that is, the scope of protection that the applicant is seeking.

Australian patent law recognises two types of patent applications—provisional and complete. Provisional and complete applications may be filed to obtain either a standard patent or an innovation patent.

A provisional application need only contain a description of the invention. Often, an inventor files a provisional application before all the details of an invention are known. The applicant then has 12 months to file a complete application.

A complete application must contain a full description of the invention, together with claims, and an abstract summarising the invention being disclosed. A complete application may be based on one or more provisional applications, and only those claims that are ‘fairly based’ on the relevant provisional application will be entitled to the priority date of the provisional application.

The ‘priority date’ of a patent claim is important in determining whether the requirements for patentability of an invention have been met. The requirements of novelty and inventive step are assessed against the prior art as it existed before the priority date. The priority date is typically the date on which a provisional application is filed in Australia, or the date on which an application is filed in another participating jurisdiction.

An applicant may also elect to file a complete application with the Patent Office under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT). A PCT application designates all the jurisdictions that are parties to the PCT (including Australia), and secures an international priority date.

PCT applications that have entered the national phase (and will be processed as a complete application) are the main type of applications received by IP Australia. In 2002–03, 16,278 PCT applications selected Australia as one of the jurisdictions in which an applicant wished to obtain patent protection and entered the national phase in Australia. During the same period, 5,694 non-PCT applications for standard patents were filed with IP Australia.

Divisional applications

Each patent application may claim protection only for a single invention. If, following assessment of a patent application, a patent examiner finds that an applicant has claimed more than one invention in the application, the applicant may elect to file a ‘divisional application’—that is, a new application divided from the original or parent application. A divisional application allows an applicant to continue to benefit from the priority date of the original application.

Divisional applications may claim subject matter not contained in the original application so long as all the features of at least one of the claims were disclosed in the original application. There are no statutory limits on the number of divisional applications that may arise from a single complete application.

The Patents Act restricts the subject matter that may be claimed in a divisional application, depending on the time at which it is filed. However, a divisional application, once filed, is subject to the same procedural requirements, including examination, as any other complete patent application.

In its submissions to the Inquiry, IP Australia indicated that divisional applications are currently ‘open to abuse’. In practice, such abuse may occur only in a small number of cases. However, IP Australia suggested that patent applicants are able to make strategic use of divisional applications in order to delay determinations by the Patent Office as to the proper scope of patent claims, or as to whether a patent should be granted. IP Australia commented that the Patents Act allows an applicant to use a divisional application to obtain a de facto monopoly by extending the period within which to respond to an examiner’s adverse report. While this use of divisional applications may be legitimate in some circumstances, IP Australia suggested that it might be used tactically by an applicant in ‘newly developing areas of technology, such as genetics, where there is a question of [the] patentability of the subject matter’. Further, an applicant might avoid a decision in an opposition proceeding by withdrawing the opposed application and refiling it as a divisional application. To address these issues, IP Australia suggested that limitations could be imposed on the circumstances in which divisional applications are available.

However, the majority of submissions and consultations on this issue did not support imposing additional limitations either on the period within which a divisional application may be filed or on the subject matter that may be claimed in a divisional application. Submissions and consultations questioned whether divisional applications are being misused, and commented on the lack of evidence that divisional applications claiming genetic inventions present a special case.


Once an application has been filed with the Patent Office, a number of additional steps must be followed before a patent may be issued. An applicant must file a request that the Patent Office examine the application. Examination is not automatic and a request for examination must generally be filed within five years of the date of filing a complete specification. However, IP Australia’s standard practice is to direct applicants to file a request for examination, if no request has been received, at approximately 32 months from the priority date, although this period may vary according to IP Australia’s workload. An abbreviated examination may be requested if an Australian patent application is related to a patent that has already been granted by the patent office in a prescribed foreign jurisdiction.

The purpose of examination is to determine whether the invention meets the statutory requirements for patentability set out in the Patents Act. The Patent Office carries out searches of previously published documents—including scientific and patent literature (‘prior art information’)—to determine the prior art material relevant to the claimed invention. In addition, an applicant must disclose to the Patent Office the results of searches carried out by or on behalf of foreign patent offices in respect of the invention claimed in an Australian application, or in a corresponding patent application filed overseas. An examiner with expertise in the relevant area of technology then examines the application, taking into account the information contained in the results of these searches and any other prior art information.

Examination of a patent application typically involves an exchange between the examiner and the applicant about the appropriate scope of the specification and the claims in light of the relevant prior art. This process is known as ‘prosecution’ of a patent application.

Following receipt of a request for examination, an examiner will make an initial assessment of an application for a standard patent and either accept the application as filed or issue a ‘first report’ detailing the procedural and substantive grounds for objecting to the application. An applicant then has a period of 21 months to address the objections raised by the examiner. The examiner may issue further reports for each response by the applicant that does not satisfy the objections raised. An application for a standard patent will generally lapse if it is not in order for acceptance within 21 months after the date of the first report.

Acceptance, publication and sealing

The Commissioner of Patents must notify an applicant of the decision to accept or refuse a patent application, and must publish notice of the decision in the Official Journal of Patents (Official Journal). Formal refusal of an application is rare. More commonly, applications for standard patents lapse for failure to obtain acceptance within the prescribed 21 month period following a first report. The Official Journal also publishes notices of lapsed applications.
Publication of a notice of acceptance in the Official Journal should be distinguished from the publication of a complete specification for a standard patent. This typically occurs 18 months after the earliest priority date for the application, and is also advertised in the Official Journal. An application is confidential prior to publication of the complete specification, and only bibliographic details—such as the applicant’s name and title of the invention—are made available by the Patent Office.

A patent is granted when the Commissioner of Patents causes the patent to be sealed with the seal of the Patent Office. For a standard patent, this will occur within six months of the date of publication in the Official Journal of the notice of acceptance of the application, unless the application is opposed.

If you have a matter involving a Patent or invention, then please complete your free Legal Enquiry Form to request immediate legal assistance on your legal matter.

International legal instruments

Australia is a party to a number of international legal instruments relating to intellectual property. The major international instruments that affect patent laws and practices in Australia are:

  • Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property 1883 (Paris Convention);
  • Patent Cooperation Treaty 1970 (PCT);
  • Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure 1977 (Budapest Treaty); and
  • Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 1994 (TRIPS Agreement).

Australian domestic law has given effect to significant provisions of each of these instruments.

See also our Intellectual Property Law & Lawyers Section by clicking here.


Links to further resources - Patents & Inventions Law & Lawyers


Patents & Inventions Law & Lawyers News

Rights of a patent holder

The Patents Act provides that the grant of a patent confers upon a patent holder the exclusive right to exploit, or to authorise another person to exploit, an invention during the patent term. ‘Exploit’ is defined in the Act to include:

(a) where the invention is a product—make, hire, sell or otherwise dispose of the product, offer to make, sell, hire, or otherwise dispose of it, use or import it, or keep it for the purpose of doing any of those things; or

(b) where the invention is a method or process—use the method or process or do any act mentioned in (a) in respect of a product resulting from such use.

A patent does not, however, grant an absolute right to exploit an invention. A patent holder may have to satisfy other legal requirements in order to exploit the patented product or process. For example, a patented pharmaceutical compound may need to be approved under the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 (Cth) before it can lawfully be marketed and sold as a treatment for a particular condition. In addition, a patent holder’s ability to exploit the invention may be subject to earlier patents not owned by the patent holder.

A patent holder may assign or license its patent rights to a third party. An assignment of a patent results in the transfer of all of the rights owned by the patent holder to a third party (the assignee).

A licence of a patent does not transfer ownership of any patent rights; rather, it establishes terms upon which a third party (the licensee) may exercise certain patent rights without such use constituting infringement.

A patent holder is not obliged to exploit an invention claimed in a patent at any time during the patent term, nor to license or assign its patent rights.

However, the failure to exploit the invention may encourage others to invoke the Crown use or compulsory licensing provisions in the Patents Act.

Patent rights remain subject to challenge even after the Commissioner of Patents accepts a patent application and after the patent is sealed. Section 20 of the Patents Act expressly states that nothing in the Act or in the PCT guarantees that a patent is valid.

Duration of patent protection

A standard patent generally has a term of 20 years, commencing on the date of the patent; an innovation patent has a term of 8 years. The term of a standard patent relating to ‘pharmaceutical substances’ may be extended in certain circumstances.

Art 33 of the TRIPS Agreement requires member States to provide patent protection for a term of not less than 20 years from the filing date. Article 27(1) requires member States to make patent protection available for all inventions, without discrimination as to the field of technology to which an invention relates. The Patents Act was amended in 1994 to extend the term of protection for a standard patent from 16 years to 20 years in order to bring Australian patent law into conformity with the TRIPS Agreement.

While the TRIPS Agreement provides some flexibility to member States in developing their own patent laws, the minimum term of patent protection is not subject to exceptions or qualifications. The TRIPS Agreement does, however, permit member States to require compliance with reasonable procedures and formalities as a condition of the acquisition or maintenance of intellectual property rights. Such procedures and formalities include the payment of fees for the filing and processing of a patent application, and for maintaining existing patent rights.

In addition, the Australia–United States Free Trade Agreement contains a provision that might affect the term of patent. Article 17.9.8 provides that, if there are unreasonable delays in a Party’s issuance of patents, that Party shall provide a means to adjust the term of the patent to compensate for the delay. If, in the future, there is evidence of unreasonable delay in the grant of Australian patents it may be necessary to amend the Patents Act to provide an extension of the patent term.

If you have a matter involving a Patent or invention, then please complete your free Legal Enquiry Form to request immediate legal assistance on your legal matter.

See also our Intellectual Property Law & Lawyers Section by clicking here.

Patents & Inventions Law & Lawyers Updates

MPEP Q & A 117: Items a ‘Corrective Document’ Must Include?

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 15:00:44 +0000

Question: An error in a recorded assignment document will be corrected by the Assignment Division provided a “corrective document” is submitted. What items must the “corrective document” include? Answer: The “corrective document” must include the following items: A copy of the original assignment document with the corrections made therein. The corrections must be initialed and […]

read more

Using LinkedIn in Your Patent Law Job Search

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 15:16:52 +0000

What did we do before the internet became a regular part of our lives? How did we shop for jobs? What made employers want to choose us over the next applicant? How did we even find applicable postings for which to apply? While these questions are interesting from a sociological perspective, the truth is, these […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 116: Consequence That May Result Where Patent Owner Fails to Make Timely Appeal After the Issuance of a Right of Appeal Notice

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 15:00:31 +0000

Question: What is one consequence that may result where the patent owner fails to make a timely appeal after the issuance of a Right of Appeal Notice, or where a timely patent owner’s appeal is subsequently dismissed? Answer: Where the patent owner fails to make a timely appeal after the issuance of a Right of […]

read more

Patent Searching Basics

Thu, 09 Nov 2017 15:17:59 +0000

US Patents and the Classification System The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) grants patents to inventors as a right to exclude others from making, using or selling an invention. With millions of expired, active and pending patents, the task of determining whether an invention has already been patented may appear to be daunting. […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 115: What is the Order of Arrangement for the Specification?

Tue, 07 Nov 2017 15:00:17 +0000

Question: What is the order of arrangement for the specification? Answer: The following order of arrangement is preferable in framing the specification. (A) Title of the invention. (B) Cross-reference to related applications. (C) Statement regarding federally sponsored research or development. (D) The names of the parties to a joint research agreement (E) Reference to a […]

read more

Overcoming Test Anxiety During the Patent Bar

Thu, 02 Nov 2017 14:19:29 +0000

What is Test Anxiety? Unless you have nerves of steel, you’re probably going to feel at least some level of anxiety during any given test. It’s only natural. It’s especially common when the test you’re taking is the patent bar exam. The complex material, the time limit, and the confusing questions all contribute to the stress. You […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 114: Individuals Who May Grant Written Authority to Status Information

Tue, 31 Oct 2017 14:00:04 +0000

Question: Name 2 individuals who may grant written authority to status information in a non-published, pending or abandoned application. Answer: A non-published, pending or abandoned application containing written authority granting access to the requester allows the requester access to status information if it is signed by any of the following individuals: The applicant; A patent […]

read more

Top 4 Legal Resume Tips Articles on the Web

Thu, 26 Oct 2017 14:14:45 +0000

You are a job seeker in the legal field. You’ve found a reputable patent law job that is hiring and you need to make the best cover letter and resume imaginable to get the job interview. However, good resumes can be a pain to write and very cumbersome to inexperienced resume writers. But it’s the […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 113: List 2 Requirements of the Summary of Abstract

Tue, 24 Oct 2017 14:00:50 +0000

Question: List 2 requirements of the summary of abstract. Answer: The summary of abstract should preferably be between 50 and 150 words. It should contain the following: (A) Indication of field of invention. (B) Clear indication of the technical problem. (C) Gist of invention’s solution of the problem. (D) Principal use or uses of the […]

read more

Tips for Surviving Your First Weeks of Law School

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 14:12:51 +0000

By the very nature of this article title, it is clear that law school is not for the faint of heart. Succeeding in the classroom as you work toward obtaining a law degree requires dedication and resilience in both the short-term and long-term. Still, the first weeks of law school are arguably the most important. […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 112: What Does 35 U.S.C. 102(a)(2) Provide?

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 14:00:14 +0000

Question: What does 35 U.S.C. 102(a)(2) provide? Answer: AIA 35 U.S.C. 102(a)(2) provides that a person is not entitled to a patent if the claimed invention was described in a patent issued under 35 U.S.C. 151, or in an application for patent published or deemed published under 35 U.S.C. 122(b), in which the patent or […]

read more

Creating the Ultimate Study Spot

Thu, 12 Oct 2017 14:20:41 +0000

Studying plays a key role in the quality of your education and you want to create an environment that encourages the learning processes. According to CBS News, the way you learn when multi-tasking or sitting in a distracting environment differs from your ability to learn in a quiet space without distractions. Turning on a radio, the television […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 111: What Must Each Information Disclosure Statement Include a Legible Copy Of?

Tue, 10 Oct 2017 14:00:58 +0000

Question: In addition to the list of all patents, publications, U.S. applications, or other information submitted for consideration by the Office, what else must each information disclosure statement include a legible copy of? Answer: In addition to the list of information, each information disclosure statement must also include a legible copy of: (A) Each foreign […]

read more

Transitioning From Engineering to a Career as a Patent Agent

Thu, 05 Oct 2017 14:22:11 +0000

Are you an engineer contemplating a career change? If so, you may want to consider a career in patent law, specifically, becoming a patent agent or even a patent attorney. Patent agents and patent attorneys help clients navigate the patent process, so they can acquire a patent on their invention. A glance at the salary […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 110: What a Petition Filed On or After September 16, 2012 Must be Accompanied By to Correct Inventorship in a Patent

Tue, 03 Oct 2017 14:00:42 +0000

Question: What must a petition filed on or after September 16, 2012 be accompanied by to correct the inventorship in a patent? Answer: A petition filed on or after September 16, 2012 to correct the inventorship in a patent must be accompanied by all of the following: (1) A statement from each person who is […]

read more

Don’t Wait to Take the Patent Bar Until After Law School

Thu, 28 Sep 2017 14:29:17 +0000

Stress There is a single, substantial reason you should not wait until after law school to take the patent bar exam: stress. After law school, you will need to pass the regular bar exam. That alone will garner you a number of sleepless nights. You will also be under immense pressure to find a job, […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 109: How Inter Partes Reexamination Differs From Ex Parte Reexamination

Tue, 26 Sep 2017 14:46:21 +0000

Question: List one way inter partes reexamination differs from ex parte reexamination. Answer: Inter partes reexamination differs from ex parte reexamination in matters of procedure, such as when the third party requester can participate, the types of Office actions and the timing of issuance of the Office actions, and the requirement for identification of the […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 108: Computer Functions Recognized to be Well‐Understood, Routine, and Conventional Functions When They are Claimed in a Merely Generic Manner

Tue, 19 Sep 2017 14:44:50 +0000

Question: List two computer functions recognized to be well‐understood, routine, and conventional functions when they are claimed in a merely generic manner. Answer: The courts have recognized the following computer functions to be well‐understood, routine, and conventional functions when they are claimed in a merely generic manner: Performing repetitive calculations, Receiving, processing, and storing data, […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 107: Times When Explicit Petitions for Foreign Filing Licenses May Be Considered by Applicants

Tue, 12 Sep 2017 15:01:20 +0000

Question: Name two times when an applicant may want to consider an explicit petition for foreign filing licenses. Answer: Explicit petitions for foreign filing licenses may be considered by applicants when: the filing receipt license is not granted; the filing receipt has not yet been issued; there is no corresponding U.S. application; subject matter additional […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 106: Indicia That a Continuing Reissue Application is Being Filed

Tue, 05 Sep 2017 14:04:31 +0000

Question: Name two indicia that a continuing reissue application is being filed. Answer: Indicia that a continuing reissue application is being filed are: A reissue oath/declaration, which is not merely a copy of the parent’s reissue oath/declaration. A specification and/or claims in proper double column reissue format. Amendments in proper format. A statement of assignee […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 105: Petition Fee Requirements For Participation in the PPH

Tue, 29 Aug 2017 14:04:11 +0000

Question: For participation in the Global/IP5 PPH pilot program at the USPTO, does the applicant need to submit a petition fee under 37 C.F.R. 1.17(h). Answer: No, for participation in the Global/IP5 PPH pilot program at the USPTO, the applicant must submit: A request for participation in the Global/IP5 PPH pilot program and a request […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 104: What Submission of Article 19 Amendments Should Comprise

Tue, 22 Aug 2017 14:04:51 +0000

Question: Name one item the submission of Article 19 amendments should comprise. Answer: The submission of Article 19 amendments should comprise: (i) a complete set of claims in replacement of the claims originally filed (ii) a letter which must indicate the differences between the claims as filed and those as amended plus the basis for […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 103: What Grounds for Seeking Inter Partes Review are Limited to Compared with Post-Grant Review

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 14:04:31 +0000

Question: What are the grounds for seeking inter partes review limited to compared with post-grant review? Answer: The grounds for seeking inter partes review are limited to issues raised under 35 U.S.C. 102 or 103 and only on the basis of prior art consisting of patents or printed publications. In contrast, the grounds for seeking post-grant review […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 102: Earlier Concluded Examination or Review of Patent

Tue, 08 Aug 2017 14:04:12 +0000

Question: What is an earlier concluded examination or review of the patent? Answer: An earlier concluded examination or review of the patent is: (A) the original examination of the application which matured into the patent; (B) the examination of the patent in a reissue application that has resulted in a reissue of the patent; (C) […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 101: Petition for a Derivation Proceeding

Tue, 01 Aug 2017 14:04:53 +0000

Question: What must a petition for a derivation proceeding provide? Answer: In a petition for a derivation proceeding, the petitioner must: (i) identify which application or patent is disputed; and (ii) provide at least one affidavit addressing communication of the derived invention and the lack of authorization for filing the earlier application. Chapter Details: The […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 100: Activities Used as an Indication of Commercial Exploitation

Tue, 25 Jul 2017 14:04:33 +0000

Question: List two activities that can be used as an indication of commercial exploitation? Answer: The following activities should be used by the examiner as indicia of this subjective commercial intent: Preparation of various contemporaneous “commercial” documents, e.g., orders, invoices, receipts, delivery schedules, etc.; Preparation of price lists and distribution of price quotations; Display of […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 99: Types of Information Considered Status Information

Tue, 18 Jul 2017 14:04:38 +0000

Question: List two types of information that are considered status information. Answer: Status information of an application means only the following information: whether the application is pending, abandoned, or patented; whether the application has been published; the application number or the serial number plus any one of the filing date of the national application, the […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 98: Fees Reduced by 75% for Micro Entities

Tue, 11 Jul 2017 14:04:16 +0000

Question: List at least 2 fees that are reduced by 75% for micro entities. Answer: The fees which are reduced by 75% for micro entities include filing fees (nonprovisional and provisional), search fees, examination fees, issue fees, and appeal fees for utility, design, plant, and reissue patent applications. Also included are patent maintenance fees including […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 97: Nonstatutory Double Patenting Rejection Made Under Obviousness Analysis

Tue, 04 Jul 2017 14:04:56 +0000

Question: What must any nonstatutory double patenting rejection made under the obviousness analysis make clear? Answer: Any nonstatutory double patenting rejection made under the obviousness analysis should make clear: (A) The differences between the inventions defined by the conflicting claims — a claim in the patent compared to a claim in the application; and (B) The […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 96: When a Nonpublication Request is Not Appropriate

Tue, 27 Jun 2017 14:04:35 +0000

Question: When is a nonpublication request not appropriate? Answer: A nonpublication request is not appropriate if applicants have already filed a counterpart foreign or international application in another country, or under a multilateral international agreement, that requires publication of applications at eighteen months after filing. Chapter Details: The answer to this question can be found in […]

read more

Patent Bar Exam Strategies

Sun, 25 Jun 2017 23:37:24 +0000

read more

Patent Bar Exam Requirements

Sun, 25 Jun 2017 17:14:47 +0000

read more

Why Take the Patent Bar Exam?

Sun, 25 Jun 2017 16:44:03 +0000

read more

About the Patent Bar Exam

Tue, 20 Jun 2017 21:23:35 +0000

read more

MPEP Q & A 95: What an Examiner May Do After Considering the Issues on Appeal

Tue, 20 Jun 2017 14:04:11 +0000

Question: What may an examiner do after he or she has considered the issues on appeal? Answer: After an appeal brief has been filed and the examiner has considered the issues on appeal, the examiner may: reopen prosecution to enter a new ground of rejection with approval from the supervisory patent examiner ; allow the […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 94: When a Concurrent Conflict of Interest Exists

Tue, 13 Jun 2017 14:04:45 +0000

Question: Except as provided in 37 C.F.R. 11.107 (b), a practitioner shall not represent a client if the representation involves a concurrent conflict of interest. When does a concurrent conflict of interest exist? Answer: A concurrent conflict of interest exists if: The representation of one client will be directly adverse to another client; or There […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 93: What is Essential Material

Tue, 06 Jun 2017 14:04:17 +0000

Question: What is essential material? Answer: “Essential material” is defined as that which is necessary to: provide a written description of the claimed invention, and of the manner and process of making and using it, in such full, clear, concise, and exact terms as to enable any person skilled in the art to which it […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 92: Statutory Requirements to be Met Before Certificate of Correction for an Applicant’s Mistake to Issue

Tue, 30 May 2017 14:04:52 +0000

Question: What are the two statutory requirements that must be met before a Certificate of Correction for an applicant’s mistake to issue? Answer: Two separate statutory requirements must be met before a Certificate of Correction for an applicant’s mistake may issue. The first statutory requirement concerns the nature, i.e., type, of the mistake for which […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 91: Non-Limiting Examples of Types of Characteristics Considered by the Courts to Determine Marked Difference

Tue, 23 May 2017 14:04:23 +0000

Question: List three non-limiting examples of the types of characteristics considered by the courts when determining whether there is a marked difference. Answer: Non-limiting examples of the types of characteristics considered by the courts when determining whether there is a marked difference include: Biological or pharmacological functions or activities; Chemical and physical properties; Phenotype, including […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 90: Conditions an Examiner Should Check for Before Requiring Applicant to Add Claim to Provoke Interference

Tue, 16 May 2017 14:04:55 +0000

Question: What 5 conditions should an examiner check for before requiring an applicant to add a claim to provoke an interference? Answer: The 5 conditions an examiner should check for before requiring an applicant to add a claim to provoke an interference include:  that the application is otherwise completed  that the required claim does not […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 89: Concepts the Courts Have Found to be Laws of Nature and Natural Phenomena

Tue, 09 May 2017 14:04:26 +0000

Question: List 3 examples of concepts courts have found to be laws of nature and natural phenomena. Answer: The types of concepts courts have found to be laws of nature and natural phenomena are shown by these cases, which are intended to be illustrative and not limiting: An isolated DNA; a correlation that is the […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 88: What the Patent Prosecution Highway Attempts to Accomplish

Tue, 02 May 2017 14:04:02 +0000

Question: What does the Patent Prosecution Highway or PPH attempt to accomplish? Answer: The Patent Prosecution Highway, or PPH enables an applicant who receives a positive ruling on patent claims from one participating office to request accelerated prosecution of corresponding claims in another participating office, which allows the applicant to obtain a patentability decision in the […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 87: Reasons Practitioner Should Act as an Advocate Before a Tribunal

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 14:04:35 +0000

Question: List one reason a practitioner should act as an advocate at a proceeding before a tribunal in which the practitioner is likely to be a necessary witness. Answer: A practitioner shall not act as advocate at a proceeding before a tribunal in which the practitioner is likely to be a necessary witness unless: The […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 86: Assignment of Patent to Change Address for Maintenance Fee Purposes

Tue, 18 Apr 2017 14:04:05 +0000

Question: If a patent is assigned, will that change the “correspondence address” or “fee address”  used for maintenance fee purposes? Answer: An assignment of a patent application or patent does not result in a change of the “correspondence address” or “fee address” for maintenance fee purposes. Chapter Details: The answer to this question can be […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 85: Board on Deferring Action on a Petition for a Derivation Proceeding

Tue, 11 Apr 2017 14:04:37 +0000

Question: Can the Board defer action on a petition for a derivation proceeding? Answer: The Patent Trial and Appeal Board may defer action on a petition for a derivation proceeding until the expiration of the 3-month period beginning on the date on which the Director issues a patent that includes the claimed invention that is […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 84: Division of Fees Between Practitioners Not in the Same Firm

Tue, 04 Apr 2017 14:02:08 +0000

Question: Can a division of a fee between practitioners who are not in the same firm may be made? Answer: A division of a fee between practitioners who are not in the same firm may be made only if: The division is in proportion to the services performed by each practitioner or each practitioner assumes […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 83: Filing a Petition to Institute a Post-Grant Review

Tue, 28 Mar 2017 14:02:40 +0000

Question: Who may file a petition to institute a post-grant review? Answer: A person who is not the patent owner may file a petition to institute a post-grant review, unless the petitioner or real party-in-interest had already filed a civil action challenging the validity of a claim of the patent. A petition may not be […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 82: Components International Design Applications Designating the U.S. Must Include

Tue, 21 Mar 2017 14:02:12 +0000

Question: What 3 components (in addition to the mandatory requirements) must an international design application designating the U.S. include? Answer: In addition to the mandatory requirements otherwise required for international design applications, an international design application designating the United States must also include: a claim; indications concerning the identity of the creator (i.e., the inventor); […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 81: Items Applicant’s Must Establish Under 35 USC 156

Tue, 14 Mar 2017 14:02:41 +0000

Question: List one item the applicant must establish under 35 U.S.C. 156(a)(1)-(5). Answer: 35 U.S.C. 156(a)(1)-(5) require that the applicant establish that: (1) the patent has not expired before an application under 35 U.S.C. 156(d) was filed (this may be an application for patent term extension under subsection (d)(1) or an application for interim extension […]

read more

MPEP Q & A 80: Assignments Potentially Utilized as the Oath or Declaration

Tue, 07 Mar 2017 15:02:10 +0000

Question: Is it possible for an assignment in applications filed on or after September 16, 2012 to be utilized as the oath or declaration? Answer: Yes, for applications filed on or after September 16, 2012, an assignment may contain the statements required to be made in an oath or declaration (“assignment-statement”), and if the assignment is made […]

read more

These news come from Patent Education Series.

Twentieth Century Fox Television Wins Trademark Case, ‘Empire’ Does Not Infringe

Wed, 22 Nov 2017 11:15:43 +0000

The 9th Circuit affirmed the title 'Empire' was speech protected under the First Amendment and did not infringe trademarks owned by Empire Distribution... The panel instead determined that the title Empire supported both the themes and the geographic setting of the work. The panel also found the the use of the “Empire” mark was not explicitly to mislead customers; the panel noted that the show Empire made no overt claims to Empire Distribution. The post Twentieth Century Fox Television Wins...

read more

Cozen O’Connor Welcomes IP Litigator Hugh Marbury

Wed, 22 Nov 2017 10:15:24 +0000

Cozen O’Connor Welcomes IP Litigator Hugh J. Marbury — a seasoned, first-chair IP litigator with experience representing domestic/international clients in contentious, bet the company financial and commercial disputes—has joined its Intellectual Property Department as a member. A former partner at DLA Piper, Marbury will serve as a lead trial lawyer overseeing IP and commercial litigation matters in Cozen O’Connor’s Washington D.C. office. The post Cozen O’Connor Welcomes IP Litigator Hugh...

read more

Celgene’s New Revlimid® Lawsuits Shows Shifting Tactics From Earlier Natco Case

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 14:15:29 +0000

Celgene faces a new gang of generics moving in on its blockbuster Revlimid®.  Over the past year, a number of generics have filed ANDAs against Revlimid®, including Dr. Reddy’s, Zydus, Cipla, and Lotus Pharmaceutical.  Those ANDAs have triggered corresponding Hatch-Waxman lawsuits from Celgene.  Among the asserted patents, most of them expire by 2022, with the exception of two polymorph patents that could extend Revlimid® monopoly until 2027.  The lawsuits are in their early stages, but an...

read more

Amgen v. Sanofi: A well characterized antigen insufficient for written description of an antibody

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 12:15:56 +0000

In what appears to be a clear departure from the past, in Amgen, the Federal Circuit has rejected the test, basing its rejection on the ground that it effectively eliminates the written description requirement.  Amgen at 15, 16.  According to the Court, where a functional genus claim to antibodies to a newly characterized antigen is concerned, the underlying science is not so advanced as to establish that “make and use” is equivalent to the required description of the claimed antibodies.  Id....

read more

ITC opens 337 investigation for potential patent infringement by Apple screen sharing technology

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 10:15:02 +0000

The U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) announced that it was investigating potential patent infringement committed by Cupertino, CA-based consumer tech giant Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL)... Aqua Connect said that Apple gave the ACTS terminal server product its “full support” when released to industry praise in 2008. To attract enterprise and government customers, Apple worked closely with Aqua Connect on development and sales of its terminal server service. “In early 2011, however,...

read more

Federal Circuit Finds TC Heartland Changed Controlling Law, Can Be Applied Retroactively

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 16:37:12 +0000

Arguing against Micron’s motion to dismiss, Harvard contended that TC Heartland only affirmed a previous precedent set by SCOTUS and that the improper venue challenge was available to Micron back when it filed its first motion in August 2016... The Federal Circuit concluded that the TC Heartland decision "changed controlling law in the relevant sense" and thus the Supreme Court’s interpretation of the patent venue statute was not available to Micron at the time of its August 2016 motion to...

read more

USPTO Increases IPR Filing Fees by $6,500 in Final Rule on Fee Adjustments

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 13:00:24 +0000

The USPTO issued a final rule to set or adjust certain patent fees as the agency is authorized to do under the America Invents Act (AIA) of 2011. The fee increases, which include some significant increases to petitioners filing for inter partes review (IPR) proceedings, are ostensibly meant to cover costs for USPTO operations, Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) operations and administrative services as the USPTO attempts to achieve strategic goals including backlog reductions and “patent...

read more

When Universities Patent Their Research

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 10:15:08 +0000

A few months ago, a judge ordered Apple to pay the University of Wisconsin $506 million for infringing one of its tech patents. Last year, Carnegie-Mellon University won $750 million in a patent infringement lawsuit against Marvell Technology Group. With such big-money patent cases in the news, you might think that owning a patent can create a major windfall of profit for universities. While this has proven true for a handful of institutions, the truth is that most universities actually make...

read more

The 7 Deadly Sins: A Roadmap to Business Success

Sun, 19 Nov 2017 11:15:16 +0000

The 7 deadly sins are lust, envy, gluttony, sloth, greed, anger and pride. In business, these deadly sins are not particularly a negative, at least when moderated or channeled constructively, and I dare say that anyone successful in the business world relies on a number of these so-called deadly sins, either consciously or subconsciously, in order to motivate themselves to achieve more. Allow me to explain... The post The 7 Deadly Sins: A Roadmap to Business Success appeared first on...

read more

Selecting the Right Trademark for Your Business

Sat, 18 Nov 2017 15:15:53 +0000

From a legal standpoint, a trademark that has no relation to the product or services offered will be the strongest type of mark. For example, trademarks such as "Google" for a search engine, "eBay" for online auctions and "Bose" for audio equipment make excellent and strong trademarks. Descriptive marks provide less trademark protection because if a term is descriptive it can be used by anyone else selling the same goods or providing the same services... Many sales and marketing people will...

read more

Proving A Patent Invalid: The Burden is on the Challenger

Sat, 18 Nov 2017 12:30:34 +0000

When an individual or company challenges the validity of a patent, “the burden of establishing invalidity of a patent or any claim thereof shall rest on the party asserting such invalidity.” In other words, the challenger bears the burden of demonstrating that the patent is invalid—the individual or company holding the patent need not show that the patent is valid. However, the text of the statute is silent on the precise nature of the challenger’s burden. The post Proving A Patent Invalid:...

read more

Specific Intent to Induce Patent Infringement Inferred from Pharmaceutical Label

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 19:00:56 +0000

The Federal Circuit heard the case of Sanofi v. Watson Labs.. Sanofi is the owner of two patents claiming compositions and uses of the cardiovascular drug dronedarone. The '167 patent claims methods of reducing cardiovascular hospitalization by administering dronedarone to patients meeting specific conditions that mirror those of a clinical study conducted by Sanofi between 2005 and 2008 (“ATHENA”). The court held that the asserted claims do not exclude compositions containing polysorbate...

read more

These news come from | Patents & Patent Law.

These news come from .

Patents & Inventions Law & Lawyers Links

Home Page | IP Australia

Use the links below to change slideshow content. Understanding Intellectual Property Learn about IP and how it applies to you and your business · What is IP ..

Internet Resource Guide: Intellectual Property Law

Internet resources relating to Australian Intellectual Property Law, including the Trade Marks Act 1995.

Intellectual property

You Are Here; Home -; Topics -; Law and justice -; Intellectual property .. The Advisory Council on Intellectual Property (ACIP) is an independent body appointed by .. and disciplinary regimes for Patent and Trade Mark attorneys in Australia.

Pages - Australian Government Attorney-General's Department

Australian Government Attorney-General's Department. Attorney Generals Department .. Trade law. International Trade law ..

this speech on IP - Federal Court of Australia

Rich Text Format - Intellectual property lawyers who have to apply these words are lonely people. They have to invent imaginary, but boring friends. Their favourite friend is a ..

- NZ FICPI.doc

Rich Text Format - If harmonization of Intellectual Property law between NZ or Australia is to proceed then FICPI suggests that the single regulatory framework for patent attorneys ..

Bills Digest 25, 2011-12 - Intellectual Property Laws Amendment ..

and the Institute of Patent and Trade Mark Attorneys: see Law Council of Australia, Submission to Intellectual. Property Laws Amendment ..


Advice and assistance in design registration can be sought from a professional. Patent attorneys and intellectual property lawyers can be found in the Yellow ..

- 3260269_1.DOC

Rich Text Format - enforcement and exploitation of intellectual property rights. A trans-Tasman regulatory framework would, however, also allow for New Zealand patent attorneys ..

Submission on the Single Trans-Tasman Regulatory Framework for ..

Attorneys. All of these partners are qualified as both New Zealand and. Australian patent attorneys. A] Park Law specialises in intellectual property and ..

Visiting Patent & Trade Mark Attorney Program 1800 636 588

Visiting Patent & Trade Mark Attorney Program. Davies Collison Cave, Patent & Trade Mark Attorneys, together with its associated intellectual property law firm..

I DX SP20202, Wellington or PO Box 5041, Lambton Quay ..

Society's Intellectual Property Law Committee. In these .. It is suggested that wherein respect of a New Zealand lawyer/patent attomey a complaint is made ..

Strategies to Protect Your Intellectual Property

You can patent your IP through a patent attorney and/or an intellectual property lawyer, either of whom will take your current model and appropriately describe it ..

What we offer - Areas of law - Intellectual property

AGS - Australian Government Solicitor .. Competition and consumer law, Menu Plus .. intellectual property reform processes, including 'digital agenda' issues ..

IP Professionals and other sites | IP Australia

Understanding Intellectual Property Learn about IP and how it applies to you and .. The Institute of Patent and Trade Mark Attorneys of Australia (IPTA) - IPTA is the .. Law Council of Australia - The Law Council website links to the various law ..

We Speak Your Language

Thursday, 23 November 2017
Legal Advice News
Welcome to Australia’s number one legal advice website.
Do you need legal help? If so, then you have come to the right place.
We cover all legal matters in every legal area Australia Wide, including:
For a full list of all legal areas covered please visit our Legal Advice Areas page.
If you need legal advice then please complete your Free Legal Enquiry Form to be put in contact with the best lawyer for your legal matter.
NEW Family Law Section
Our new family law section covers every legal aspect of family law. If you are going through a separation and would like to know your rights entitlements with respect to property and children, then please complete your Free Legal Enquiry Form to be put in contact with the best lawyer for your legal matter.
A new family law section covers all aspects of Family Law & Relationships including:
We also cover all Other family law and legal relationship issues including:
  • Resolving problems with your relationship
  • Counselling and other support for your relationship
  • Domestic violence: protecting yourself and getting help
  • Ending a marriage or civil partnership
  • Planning and getting a divorce
  • Ending a civil partnership
  • Legal separation
  • Money, property and possessions when your relationship ends
  • If you're ending a marriage or civil partnership
  • If you're not married or in a civil partnership
  • Financial planning when your relationship ends
  • Working out money and property using financial orders - 'ancillary relief'
  • Looking after children if you divorce or separate
  • Looking after children if your relationship ends
  • Children, divorce, separation and courts
To seek legal advice and assistance from a specialist family lawyer regarding your particular legal situation, please complete your FREE legal enquiry form on the left, or click here.
Our Free legal enquiry service extends to every State and Territory Capital including:
  • Sydney Legal Advice
  • Darwin Legal Advice
  • Brisbane Legal Advice
  • Adelaide Legal Advice
  • Hobart Legal Advice
  • Melbourne Legal Advice
  • Perth Legal Advice
  • Canberra Legal Advice
IF you have a legal matter, whether it be family law, conveyancing, property law, compensation law or any other matter requiring personal legal services, then enquiry today - and get the legal help you deserve!

Conveyancing legal advice

Are you looking at buying or selling real estate? If so, then you need legal advice from a
Conveyancing Solicitor. A conveyancing solicitor will help guide you through the process of buying and selling real estate. If you are a purchaser or vendor then it's important you get legal advice regarding your contractual rights and obligations.  To seek legal advice pertaining to conveyancing, please complete free legal enquiry form or click on the following link for further information regarding conveyancing:

Family Law Legal Advice - Divorce Legal Advice
Do you need legal advice regarding any aspect of
family law? are you thinking about having a divorce?  If so then you need legal advice from a qualified family lawyer.  Family laws can be quite complex and difficult to navigate which is why it is important to obtain sound legal advice in order to protect your position. Our free legal enquiry service covers all aspects of family law. So if you need a family lawyer to give you the best legal advice regarding your legal situation, then don't delay enquire today!

Have you been in a car accident?

If you have been involved in a car accident, then the chances are that you could be entitled to claim compensation. It is important you seek legal advice immediately following are car accident as there are stringent time limits that apply to the making of CTP claims.

If you have suffered a personal injury in a car accident, either as a:  driver, passenger, cyclist, motor cycle rider or pedestrian, you could be entitled to claim compensation, whether you have minor soft tissue injuries, whiplash, broken limbs, head injuries or far more serious injuries. It is important you obtain sound legal advice without any delay. Enquire today to find out what compensation you could be entitled to.

To find out what compensation entitlements you could receive for your injuries please complete our no obligation, FREE Online legal Enquiry Form

Car accidents happen every day. If you have been affected from a road related incident, the chances are you could be entitled to claim a compensation payout. You should seek legal advice immediately. even if you are the victim of a hit-and-run accident you could still be eligible to claim compensation. Please complete your free legal enquiry form to find out more.

There are time limits that apply to CTP claims and it is important to seek legal advice immediately to ensure that your rights entitlements are protected.

Have you been involved in an accident with uninsured vehicle?

If so then you could be Eligible to claim compensation against the nominal defendant.

It is important to seek legal advice immediately. - please complete your free legal enquiry form to be put in contact with a lawyer who can help you with your claim.

If you have been injured in a Road related accident either as a driver, passenger, pedestrian, motorcyclist or cyclist, you could be entitled to claim a significant compensation payout. You should seek legal advice immediately to find out what you could be entitled to claim.

Legal advice for family law matters

Do you need legal advice regarding family law? If so, please complete your free legal enquiry form. Going through a separation and divorce can be a difficult time for those involved and that's why the process needs to run as smoothly as possible. It is therefore important that proper legal advice be obtained from a qualified legal practitioner practising family law who can help you and give you the legal advice you need to guide you through your difficult situation and ensure that the matter is dealt with as fairly as possible. Please complete your free legal enquiry form to find out more.

Car Accident Compensation

Have you been in a car accident? where you a driver, rider, passenger or pedestrian? If you answered "yes" to any of those questions, then you could be entitled to claim a significant compensation payout. To find out more please complete your free legal enquiry form.


Cyclist Accidents and Injuries

Quite often cyclists are not given proper care and attention by other road users. This can result in accidents occurring between car, trucks and other motor vehicles with bicycle riders. Motorists often fail to give way to cyclists therby causing an accident with the cyclist.

If you are a cyclist who has been involved in an accident, then the chances are you could be entitled to receive a significant compensation payout from the CTP insurer of the driver that caused the accident.

To find out more, please complete your free legal enquiry form.

Looking for a specialist lawyer or legal information?

Please complete our fast and
free legal enquiry form or

Disclaimer: there are advertising laws affecting personal injury claims. By using this site you agree to the Terms of Use.