Patents & Inventions Law & Lawyers

A patent is a right granted for any device, substance, method or process which is new, inventive and useful.

A patent is legally enforceable and gives the owner the exclusive right to commercially exploit the invention for the life of the patent. This is not automatic-you must apply for a patent to obtain exclusive rights to exploit your invention.

There are two types of patents in Australia;

  • a standard patent gives long-term protection and control over an invention for up to 20 years.
  • an innovation patent is a relatively fast, inexpensive protection option, lasting a maximum of 8 years. The innovation patent replaced the petty patent on 24 May 2001.

Patents give effective protection if you have invented new technology that will lead to a product, composition or process with significant long-term commercial gain.

In return, patent applicants must share their know-how by providing a full description of how their invention works. This information becomes public and can provide the basis for further research by others.

Australian patents are administered by the Patent Office of IP Australia, a Federal Government Organisation.

Please complete your free Legal Enquiry Form to request immediate legal assistance on your legal matter.

Your Legal Enquiry Form is fast, free and easy to use and will be treated as Private and Confidential at all times.

Complete your free Legal Enquiry Form now!

See also our Intellectual Property Law & Lawyers Section by clicking here.

An outline of the patent system

Historical origins

Patents are the oldest form of intellectual property, but their historical origins are obscure. In England, in the fifteenth century, the monarch began to grant monopoly rights as a means of attracting new industries from continental Europe, but these were more in the nature of a royal licence to avoid the effects of guild regulations than a true grant of exclusive rights to carry on an activity.[4] It was only in the following century that patents began to be granted in respect of inventions, and the patent system was put on a statutory basis for the first time in the seventeenth century with the passage of the Statute of Monopolies 1623 (Statute of Monopolies). Despite its age, this English statute continues to have relevance to Australian patent law today.

As it first developed, the English patent was a slow, costly and cumbersome procedure for encouraging and protecting inventions. The procedure was described in derisory terms by Charles Dickens in a short story published in 1850, ‘A Poor Man’s Tale of a Patent’. Over the years there were many piecemeal reforms to the system, but it was the Patents Act 1883 (UK) that provided the basis of modern patent law.

Patent legislation in Australia has always been closely modelled on that of the United Kingdom. Prior to Federation, each of the Australian colonies had its own legislation based on the Patents Act 1883 (UK). In 1901, the Australian Constitution gave the newly established Commonwealth Parliament power to make laws with respect to ‘copyrights, patents of invention and designs, and trade marks’.In 1903, this power was exercised with the enactment of the Patents Act 1903 (Cth).

As in the United Kingdom, there have been many amendments to Australian patent legislation in response to formal commissions of inquiry. The 1903 Act was re-enacted with substantial changes in 1952 and again in 1990. The Patents Act 1990 (Cth) (Patents Act) provides the current legislative framework governing the grant and administration of patents in Australia.

See also our Intellectual Property Law & Lawyers Section by clicking here.

Functions of patents

Patent law has been described as a ‘stressful if fertile union’ between certain contradictory principles: self-interest and the common good; monopoly rights and liberty; the ownership of ideas and public disclosure of knowledge. This union results from the dual goals of patent law—to benefit society by encouraging the provision of new and useful goods, and to encourage and reward inventiveness.

These goals are achieved by providing incentives for innovation and knowledge sharing by granting monopoly rights, for a limited period, to exploit a new product or process. Monopoly rights encourage investment by providing an opportunity to recoup the financial outlays involved in developing an invention. They also reward the inventor by allowing a return to be made on the time and resources expended on research and development.

The limited duration of the monopoly means, however, that the patented invention eventually will be available for free and unrestricted use when the patent term expires: the compromise is thus ‘a way of securing future benefits for the common good’.In addition, patents promote knowledge sharing during the term of the patent by requiring the patent holder to place the details of the invention in the public domain. As one United States judge has stated:

The purpose of the patent system is not only to provide a financial incentive to create new knowledge and bring it to public benefit through new products; it also serves to add to the body of published scientific/technological knowledge. The requirement of disclosure of the details of patented inventions facilitates further knowledge and understanding of what was done by the patentee, and may lead to further technologic advance.

Exploitation of patents

A patent gives the inventor the right to stop others from exploiting the invention for a limited period. However, a patent does not grant an absolute right to exploit an invention in any way the inventor may choose. A patent holder may have to satisfy regulatory requirements in order to exploit the patented product or process; for example, a patented pharmaceutical compound may need approval under the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 (Cth) before it can be marketed lawfully and sold as a treatment for a particular condition. Similarly, the use of a patented invention is subject to the general law; for example, the components required to manufacture a car may be the subject of many patents, but the car must still be used in accordance with motor traffic laws.

A patent holder is not obliged to exploit a patented invention, but the failure to do so may have implications for the patent holder’s rights. For example, the patent could be subjected to compulsory licensing, or it could be used or acquired by the Crown under relevant provisions of the Patents Act. A patent holder may authorise others to exploit the patent by granting a licence on agreed terms. This may be on an exclusive, sole or non-exclusive basis, and almost certainly will require the licensee to pay royalties or other fees to the patent holder.

It is important to note that while patents are a form of intellectual property, they do not confer ownership in the physical material described in the claims for a patented product or process. Thus, a patent over a genetic sequence does not amount to ownership of the sequence itself.

Criteria for patentability

Although there is considerable variance in detail from one jurisdiction to another, most countries apply similar tests for patentability: an invention must be novel (that is, new), must involve an inventive step, and must have a useful application. In addition, the description of an invention in a patent application must be sufficient to allow a person skilled in the relevant art to create the invention independently.

Briefly, the Patents Act provides that an invention will be patentable if it is a ‘manner of manufacture’ within the meaning of s 6 of the Statute of Monopolies; is novel; involves an inventive or innovative step; is useful; and has not been used secretly within Australia prior to filing the patent application.

Certain inventions are expressly excluded from patentability. Australia has relatively few express exclusions, but they include inventions involving ‘human beings, and the biological processes for their generation’, as well as inventions the use of which would be contrary to law. Other jurisdictions recognise a broader range of exceptions, including inventions involving diagnostic, therapeutic and surgical methods of treatment of humans and animals; and inventions whose commercial exploitation would be contrary to morality or public order.

Australian Patent Law

Australian patent law operates within an international legal framework, which shapes certain procedural and substantive aspects of the patent system.

Australia has enacted legislation that regulates patenting practices within the Australian ‘patent area’ with respect to inventions involving any type of technology. The procedures for obtaining a gene patent in Australia are, broadly speaking, the same as those that apply to patents claiming any other type of technology.

Patents Legislation

Section 51(xviii) of the Australian Constitution grants the Commonwealth Parliament power to make laws with respect to ‘copyrights, patents of inventions and designs, and trade marks’. Pursuant to this power, the Parliament has enacted the Patents Act 1990 (Cth) (Patents Act) and the Patents Regulations 1991 (Cth) (Patents Regulations).

Patent protection in most countries is available for inventions that are new, involve an inventive step, and have a useful application.

In Australia, the Patents Act provides that an invention is patentable if it:

  • is a ‘manner of manufacture’—that is, the invention is appropriate subject matter for patent protection;
  • is novel;
  • involves an inventive or innovative step;
  • is useful; and
  • has not been used secretly within Australia before the priority date of the patent application.


Administration

The Australian patent system is administered by the Patent Office of IP Australia. IP Australia is a division of the Department of Industry, Tourism and Resources, but operates independently and reports directly to the Minister.

Under the Patents Act, the Commissioner of Patents has the power to grant a patent upon an application being filed with and examined by the Patent Office. IP Australia has developed the Patent Manual of Practice and Procedure (the Manual) to assist Australian patent examiners in applying the Patents Act and Patents Regulations.

State and federal courts and the Administrative Appeals Tribunal (AAT) also have a role in administering the patent system. Decisions of the Commissioner of Patents may be subject to review by the AAT or the Federal Court of Australia. The AAT may undertake merits review of the Commissioner’s decisions with respect to certain procedural matters prescribed by the Patents Act. A direct application may be made to the Federal Court for judicial review in relation to other decisions of the Commissioner; essentially those related to the grant of patents or matters closely allied to the grant (for example, amendments to patent specifications and revocations).

The Federal Court and state and territory Supreme Courts share original (first instance) jurisdiction over matters relating to the exploitation and enforcement of patent rights, including challenges to patent rights, infringement proceedings and compulsory licences. The AAT has no jurisdiction in relation to such issues.

Types of patents

Australian patent law recognises two principal types of patents:

(1) standard patents and

(2) innovation patents.

An applicant for a patent may elect to obtain protection for an invention under either system. Table A below outlines the key features of, and the difference in the scope of protection conferred by, standard and innovation patents.

Standard patents

A standard patent is the basic form of patent protection for inventions under Australian law and is consistent with the minimum requirements for patent protection under the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 1994 (TRIPS Agreement). Unless otherwise indicated, references to an Australian patent and discussions of patent rights in this Report relate only to the standard patent system.

Innovation patents

The innovation patent is a ‘second tier’ of protection, which was introduced in 2001 to replace the petty patent system.  Innovation patents are intended to provide protection for ‘lower level’ inventions for which standard patent protection is not available and which are not covered by the designs legislation.

Patents of addition

The Patents Act also provides for the grant of a ‘patent of addition’ for an improvement in, or modification to, an invention claimed in a standard patent that has already been granted.[21] A patent of addition may be obtained only by the owner of the earlier patent, or a person authorised by the owner. The term of a patent of addition expires at the same time as that of the patent on the main invention.

Table A - Features of standard patents and innovation patents

Features

Standard patent

Innovation patent

 

Term

20 years (s 67)

Extension of up to 5 years   available for certain pharmaceutical patents (ss 70–79A)

8 years (s 68)

Number of claims

No   limit

Maximum of 5 claims   (s 40(2)(c))

 

Inventions excluded from   patentability, or excludable at the discretion of the Commissioner of Patents

Human beings and the biological   processes for their generation (s 18(2))

Inventions whose use would be   contrary to law (s 50(1)(a))

Inventions capable of application   as a food or medicine that are a mere admixture of known ingredients   (s 50(1)(b))

Same as for a standard patent, and

Plants and animals and the   biological processes for the generation of plants and animals (s 18(3),   (4))

Level of invention required

‘Inventive step’ over the prior   art (s 7(2)–(3), sch 1)

‘Innovative step’ over the prior   art (s 7(4)–(6), sch 1)

Review by Patent Office prior to   grant

Substantive review for compliance   with the requirements for patentability (ss 44–49)

Formalities check only; no   substantive review unless requested (ss 52, 120(1A))

If you have a matter involving a Patent or invention, then please complete your free Legal Enquiry Form to request immediate legal assistance on your legal matter.

Procedure for grant of a patent

Patent rights do not arise automatically. A patent can be obtained only by following the procedure set out in the Patents Act and Patents Regulations. An understanding of the procedure for obtaining a patent is important to understanding Australian patent law generally. The steps in obtaining an Australian patent are described below.

Filing an application

For a patent to be granted, an eligible person must file an application in the form prescribed by the Patent Office. Eligible persons are the inventor of the invention claimed in the application, or a person to whom the inventor has assigned his or her rights in the invention. A patent application must include a specification of the invention, which contains instructions adequate to enable a skilled person in the relevant area of technology to produce or perform the invention. The specification must also indicate the ‘claims’ that define the invention; that is, the scope of protection that the applicant is seeking.

Australian patent law recognises two types of patent applications—provisional and complete. Provisional and complete applications may be filed to obtain either a standard patent or an innovation patent.

A provisional application need only contain a description of the invention. Often, an inventor files a provisional application before all the details of an invention are known. The applicant then has 12 months to file a complete application.

A complete application must contain a full description of the invention, together with claims, and an abstract summarising the invention being disclosed. A complete application may be based on one or more provisional applications, and only those claims that are ‘fairly based’ on the relevant provisional application will be entitled to the priority date of the provisional application.

The ‘priority date’ of a patent claim is important in determining whether the requirements for patentability of an invention have been met. The requirements of novelty and inventive step are assessed against the prior art as it existed before the priority date. The priority date is typically the date on which a provisional application is filed in Australia, or the date on which an application is filed in another participating jurisdiction.

An applicant may also elect to file a complete application with the Patent Office under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT). A PCT application designates all the jurisdictions that are parties to the PCT (including Australia), and secures an international priority date.

PCT applications that have entered the national phase (and will be processed as a complete application) are the main type of applications received by IP Australia. In 2002–03, 16,278 PCT applications selected Australia as one of the jurisdictions in which an applicant wished to obtain patent protection and entered the national phase in Australia. During the same period, 5,694 non-PCT applications for standard patents were filed with IP Australia.

Divisional applications

Each patent application may claim protection only for a single invention. If, following assessment of a patent application, a patent examiner finds that an applicant has claimed more than one invention in the application, the applicant may elect to file a ‘divisional application’—that is, a new application divided from the original or parent application. A divisional application allows an applicant to continue to benefit from the priority date of the original application.

Divisional applications may claim subject matter not contained in the original application so long as all the features of at least one of the claims were disclosed in the original application. There are no statutory limits on the number of divisional applications that may arise from a single complete application.

The Patents Act restricts the subject matter that may be claimed in a divisional application, depending on the time at which it is filed. However, a divisional application, once filed, is subject to the same procedural requirements, including examination, as any other complete patent application.

In its submissions to the Inquiry, IP Australia indicated that divisional applications are currently ‘open to abuse’. In practice, such abuse may occur only in a small number of cases. However, IP Australia suggested that patent applicants are able to make strategic use of divisional applications in order to delay determinations by the Patent Office as to the proper scope of patent claims, or as to whether a patent should be granted. IP Australia commented that the Patents Act allows an applicant to use a divisional application to obtain a de facto monopoly by extending the period within which to respond to an examiner’s adverse report. While this use of divisional applications may be legitimate in some circumstances, IP Australia suggested that it might be used tactically by an applicant in ‘newly developing areas of technology, such as genetics, where there is a question of [the] patentability of the subject matter’. Further, an applicant might avoid a decision in an opposition proceeding by withdrawing the opposed application and refiling it as a divisional application. To address these issues, IP Australia suggested that limitations could be imposed on the circumstances in which divisional applications are available.

However, the majority of submissions and consultations on this issue did not support imposing additional limitations either on the period within which a divisional application may be filed or on the subject matter that may be claimed in a divisional application. Submissions and consultations questioned whether divisional applications are being misused, and commented on the lack of evidence that divisional applications claiming genetic inventions present a special case.

Examination

Once an application has been filed with the Patent Office, a number of additional steps must be followed before a patent may be issued. An applicant must file a request that the Patent Office examine the application. Examination is not automatic and a request for examination must generally be filed within five years of the date of filing a complete specification. However, IP Australia’s standard practice is to direct applicants to file a request for examination, if no request has been received, at approximately 32 months from the priority date, although this period may vary according to IP Australia’s workload. An abbreviated examination may be requested if an Australian patent application is related to a patent that has already been granted by the patent office in a prescribed foreign jurisdiction.

The purpose of examination is to determine whether the invention meets the statutory requirements for patentability set out in the Patents Act. The Patent Office carries out searches of previously published documents—including scientific and patent literature (‘prior art information’)—to determine the prior art material relevant to the claimed invention. In addition, an applicant must disclose to the Patent Office the results of searches carried out by or on behalf of foreign patent offices in respect of the invention claimed in an Australian application, or in a corresponding patent application filed overseas. An examiner with expertise in the relevant area of technology then examines the application, taking into account the information contained in the results of these searches and any other prior art information.

Examination of a patent application typically involves an exchange between the examiner and the applicant about the appropriate scope of the specification and the claims in light of the relevant prior art. This process is known as ‘prosecution’ of a patent application.

Following receipt of a request for examination, an examiner will make an initial assessment of an application for a standard patent and either accept the application as filed or issue a ‘first report’ detailing the procedural and substantive grounds for objecting to the application. An applicant then has a period of 21 months to address the objections raised by the examiner. The examiner may issue further reports for each response by the applicant that does not satisfy the objections raised. An application for a standard patent will generally lapse if it is not in order for acceptance within 21 months after the date of the first report.

Acceptance, publication and sealing

The Commissioner of Patents must notify an applicant of the decision to accept or refuse a patent application, and must publish notice of the decision in the Official Journal of Patents (Official Journal). Formal refusal of an application is rare. More commonly, applications for standard patents lapse for failure to obtain acceptance within the prescribed 21 month period following a first report. The Official Journal also publishes notices of lapsed applications.
Publication of a notice of acceptance in the Official Journal should be distinguished from the publication of a complete specification for a standard patent. This typically occurs 18 months after the earliest priority date for the application, and is also advertised in the Official Journal. An application is confidential prior to publication of the complete specification, and only bibliographic details—such as the applicant’s name and title of the invention—are made available by the Patent Office.

A patent is granted when the Commissioner of Patents causes the patent to be sealed with the seal of the Patent Office. For a standard patent, this will occur within six months of the date of publication in the Official Journal of the notice of acceptance of the application, unless the application is opposed.

If you have a matter involving a Patent or invention, then please complete your free Legal Enquiry Form to request immediate legal assistance on your legal matter.

International legal instruments

Australia is a party to a number of international legal instruments relating to intellectual property. The major international instruments that affect patent laws and practices in Australia are:

  • Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property 1883 (Paris Convention);
  • Patent Cooperation Treaty 1970 (PCT);
  • Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure 1977 (Budapest Treaty); and
  • Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 1994 (TRIPS Agreement).

Australian domestic law has given effect to significant provisions of each of these instruments.

See also our Intellectual Property Law & Lawyers Section by clicking here.

 

Links to further resources - Patents & Inventions Law & Lawyers

 

Patents & Inventions Law & Lawyers News

Rights of a patent holder

The Patents Act provides that the grant of a patent confers upon a patent holder the exclusive right to exploit, or to authorise another person to exploit, an invention during the patent term. ‘Exploit’ is defined in the Act to include:

(a) where the invention is a product—make, hire, sell or otherwise dispose of the product, offer to make, sell, hire, or otherwise dispose of it, use or import it, or keep it for the purpose of doing any of those things; or

(b) where the invention is a method or process—use the method or process or do any act mentioned in (a) in respect of a product resulting from such use.

A patent does not, however, grant an absolute right to exploit an invention. A patent holder may have to satisfy other legal requirements in order to exploit the patented product or process. For example, a patented pharmaceutical compound may need to be approved under the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 (Cth) before it can lawfully be marketed and sold as a treatment for a particular condition. In addition, a patent holder’s ability to exploit the invention may be subject to earlier patents not owned by the patent holder.

A patent holder may assign or license its patent rights to a third party. An assignment of a patent results in the transfer of all of the rights owned by the patent holder to a third party (the assignee).

A licence of a patent does not transfer ownership of any patent rights; rather, it establishes terms upon which a third party (the licensee) may exercise certain patent rights without such use constituting infringement.

A patent holder is not obliged to exploit an invention claimed in a patent at any time during the patent term, nor to license or assign its patent rights.

However, the failure to exploit the invention may encourage others to invoke the Crown use or compulsory licensing provisions in the Patents Act.

Patent rights remain subject to challenge even after the Commissioner of Patents accepts a patent application and after the patent is sealed. Section 20 of the Patents Act expressly states that nothing in the Act or in the PCT guarantees that a patent is valid.

Duration of patent protection

A standard patent generally has a term of 20 years, commencing on the date of the patent; an innovation patent has a term of 8 years. The term of a standard patent relating to ‘pharmaceutical substances’ may be extended in certain circumstances.

Art 33 of the TRIPS Agreement requires member States to provide patent protection for a term of not less than 20 years from the filing date. Article 27(1) requires member States to make patent protection available for all inventions, without discrimination as to the field of technology to which an invention relates. The Patents Act was amended in 1994 to extend the term of protection for a standard patent from 16 years to 20 years in order to bring Australian patent law into conformity with the TRIPS Agreement.

While the TRIPS Agreement provides some flexibility to member States in developing their own patent laws, the minimum term of patent protection is not subject to exceptions or qualifications. The TRIPS Agreement does, however, permit member States to require compliance with reasonable procedures and formalities as a condition of the acquisition or maintenance of intellectual property rights. Such procedures and formalities include the payment of fees for the filing and processing of a patent application, and for maintaining existing patent rights.

In addition, the Australia–United States Free Trade Agreement contains a provision that might affect the term of patent. Article 17.9.8 provides that, if there are unreasonable delays in a Party’s issuance of patents, that Party shall provide a means to adjust the term of the patent to compensate for the delay. If, in the future, there is evidence of unreasonable delay in the grant of Australian patents it may be necessary to amend the Patents Act to provide an extension of the patent term.

If you have a matter involving a Patent or invention, then please complete your free Legal Enquiry Form to request immediate legal assistance on your legal matter.

See also our Intellectual Property Law & Lawyers Section by clicking here.

Patents & Inventions Law & Lawyers Updates

What You Focus on Becomes Your Reality

Tue, 14 Aug 2018 14:00:26 +0000

Think positive! How many times have you heard that phrase in your life? In preparing for your career as a patent agent or attorney, you’re likely going to hear this a lot. The patent bar exam is intimidating and finding a job can be a long, frustrating process. As it turns out, there is merit […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 152: Information an Attorney of Record May Have to Submit in Reply to an Office Action, Reissue Application, or Reexamination Proceeding

Tue, 07 Aug 2018 14:00:54 +0000

Question: An attorney of record may have to submit information in reply to an Office action, a reissue application, or a reexamination proceeding. List 2 different types of information this may include. Answer: An attorney of record may have to submit information in reply to an Office action, a reissue application, or a reexamination proceeding; […]

read more


Insights on How Long Successful Clients Take to Prepare for the Patent Bar Exam

Mon, 06 Aug 2018 14:06:52 +0000

Ever wonder just how long it takes to prepare for and pass the patent bar exam? We decided to review success stories and additional comments sent in by clients who recently passed the exam to find out what the average length of study time is. Here are the details of the study … The comments […]

read more


Enhancing Communication as a Patent Agent or Patent Attorney

Thu, 02 Aug 2018 14:05:07 +0000

Whether you’re trying to improve the work environment at a law firm or patent office, network with other professionals or work as effectively as possible with clients, a good attorney-client relationship in terms of communication is essential. It can help avoid conflict, clarify misunderstandings, and make sure you get your clients exactly what they need. […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 151: Situations Where a Practitioner May Withdraw From Representing a Client According to 37 C.F.R. 11.116

Tue, 24 Jul 2018 14:00:40 +0000

Question: List two situations where a practitioner may withdraw from representing a client according to 37 C.F.R. 11.116. Answer: A practitioner may withdraw from representing a client if: Withdrawal can be accomplished without material adverse effect on the interests of the client; The client persists in a course of action involving the practitioner’s services that […]

read more


12 Highly Rated Patent Law Firms on Glassdoor

Thu, 19 Jul 2018 14:05:50 +0000

Glassdoor is a database that contains reviews of patent attorney and patent agent law firms. The resource helps promote the firms to candidates doing research and advertise jobs to ideal candidates that may be unaware of the law firms need for personnel. Here is some information about 12 patent law firms and the ratings they […]

read more


Post-August 16th 2018 Hard Copies Ready to Ship

Thu, 12 Jul 2018 14:00:14 +0000

The Patent Bar exam is being updated in August of 2018. Starting August 16th, 2018, the 9th Edition, 08.2017 MPEP + 4 Exam Notices will be the covered materials. The PES Patent Bar review online course has been updated to reflect this material for the last several months. We have many clients already studying for […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 150: Triggering of On-Sale Bar of Pre-AIA 35 U.S.C. 102(b)

Tue, 10 Jul 2018 14:00:26 +0000

Question: When is the on-sale bar of pre-AIA 35 U.S.C. 102(b) triggered? Answer: The on-sale bar of pre-AIA 35 U.S.C. 102(b) is triggered if the invention is both: The subject of a commercial offer for sale not primarily for experimental purposes and Ready for patenting. Chapter Details: The answer to this question can be found […]

read more


How to Prepare for the First Day of your New Job as a Patent Practitioner

Thu, 05 Jul 2018 14:07:07 +0000

So, you have your bachelor’s degree, master’s degree, or PhD., you’ve passed all the required tests as well as the interview, and you are on your way to becoming a patent attorney or patent agent at one of the leading law firms. However, it is your first day. The first day working at a new […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 149: Four Categories of Invention Recited in 35 U.S.C. 101

Tue, 03 Jul 2018 14:00:52 +0000

Question: What are the 4 categories of invention recited in 35 U.S.C. 101? Answer: The four categories of invention recited in 35 U.S.C. 101 are: process, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter. Chapter Details: The answer to this question can be found in chapter 700 of the MPEP. This chapter covers Examination of applications. The […]

read more


How to Pick the Right IP Law Program

Thu, 28 Jun 2018 14:05:53 +0000

Intellectual property industries account for more than 38 percent of the country’s gross domestic product. IP plays a crucial role in American life. Intellectual property law protects people’s claims of ownership on works of art, inventions, and ideas. IP attorneys are aware of the demand for their skills. Experts note practicing IP law is an […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 148: The Duty of Disclosure in Reexamination Proceedings

Tue, 26 Jun 2018 14:00:38 +0000

Question: Who does the duty of disclosure in reexamination proceedings apply to? Answer: The duty of disclosure in reexamination proceedings applies to the patent owner; to each attorney or agent who represents the patent owner, and to every other individual who is substantively involved on behalf of the patent owner. Chapter Details: The answer to […]

read more


3 Tips for Working with (and Impressing) Your Patent Law Clients

Thu, 21 Jun 2018 14:05:09 +0000

As any good patent attorney or agent knows, impressing your patent law client is your first priority, above all else. All lawyers must work hard to keep their business but, more importantly, through a good attorney-client relationship, you want to make sure your client is satisfied when they leave your office. It is not enough […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 147: Post-Grant Reviews and Civil Actions

Tue, 19 Jun 2018 14:00:13 +0000

Question: Can a post-grant review be instituted if, before the date on which the petition for such a review is filed, the petitioner or real party-in-interest filed a civil action challenging the validity of a claim of the patent? Answer: No, a post-grant review may not be instituted if, before the date on which the […]

read more


7 Mistakes You May Be Making on Your Patent Agent or Patent Attorney Resume

Thu, 14 Jun 2018 14:09:50 +0000

OK, so you’ve finished law school and are putting together a resume. If you’re looking for a career in intellectual property, a strong resume along with an equally good cover letter is your first step to getting your foot in the door of a patent law career. Obviously, you can look at an attorney sample […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 146: When Can a Combination as Claimed Show that Inventions are Distinct?

Tue, 12 Jun 2018 14:00:00 +0000

Question: When can a combination as claimed show that inventions are distinct? Answer: Inventions are distinct if it can be shown that a combination as claimed: (A) does not require the particulars of the subcombination as claimed for patentability (to show novelty and unobviousness), and (B) the subcombination can be shown to have utility either […]

read more


Patent Practitioners Guide to Being More Effective with LinkedIn Connections

Thu, 07 Jun 2018 14:17:56 +0000

As with most social networking like Twitter and Facebook for everyday communication, LinkedIn has quickly become an indispensable resource for professionals in almost every field—and that includes intellectual property. By using the latest technology, their growth has been fast and impressive with 467 million members in late 2016. To get the most out of LinkedIn, […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 145: Methods For Paying a Maintenance Fee

Tue, 05 Jun 2018 14:00:07 +0000

Question: How can a maintenance fee be paid? Answer: A maintenance fee may be paid: with cash with Treasury notes with national bank notes with post office money orders with certified checks over the internet by electronic funds transfer (EFT), credit card, or deposit account payment methods Chapter Details: The answer to this question can […]

read more


Patent Training Workshop Progress Update

Thu, 31 May 2018 14:07:16 +0000

The Patent Training Workshop has now replaced the older, Basic Patent Training course within the PES Patent Bar review. We have produced and uploaded approximately 12 hours of video for the new course and it is ready to go for you. Now when you login to the course, you’ll see the Patent Training Workshop right […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 144: What Should a Subject Matter Eligibility Rejection Under Step 2 Do?

Tue, 29 May 2018 14:00:52 +0000

Question: What should a subject matter eligibility rejection under Step 2 do? Answer: A subject matter eligibility rejection under Step 2 should: Identify the judicial exception by referring to what is recited (i.e., set forth or described) in the claim and explain why it is considered an exception; Identify any additional elements (specifically point to […]

read more


Top 10 Student Loan Mistakes to Avoid

Thu, 24 May 2018 14:15:03 +0000

If you’re thinking about getting into patent law, then you probably already realize gaining the right degree or degrees is a priority. Patent agents have a minimum of a Bachelor’s degree. Patent attorneys have a Bachelor’s degree in science or engineering plus a law degree. Many patent agents and patent attorneys have much higher than […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 143: Who Decides Petitions for Derivation and Conducts Any Ensuing Derivation Proceeding?

Tue, 22 May 2018 14:00:39 +0000

Question: Who decides petitions for derivation and conducts any ensuing derivation proceeding? Answer: The Patent Trial and Appeal Board will decide petitions for derivation and conduct any ensuing derivation proceeding. Chapter Details: The answer to this question can be found in the following supplement: Derivation Proceeding Final Rules. This is a special supplement that at the […]

read more


How to Apply to Law School as an Engineer or Scientist

Thu, 17 May 2018 14:20:56 +0000

Law schools welcome those with engineering and science majors. A scientific or technical background is helpful for lawyers specializing in patent law. If you’re planning on applying for law school after gaining your science or engineering degree, make sure you enroll in courses that train students to think analytically and require lots of writing. Choosing […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 142: Examples of Evidence Under 37 C.F.R. 1.131(a)

Tue, 15 May 2018 14:00:23 +0000

Question: List 2 examples of evidence under 37 C.F.R. 1.131(a). Answer: The allegations of fact might be supported by submitting as evidence one or more of the following: (A) attached sketches; (B) attached blueprints; (C) attached photographs; (D) attached reproductions of notebook entries; (E) an accompanying model; (F) attached supporting statements by witnesses, where verbal […]

read more


Creating a Better Patent Bar Review for You

Thu, 10 May 2018 14:20:49 +0000

We’ve gotten a lot of great feedback on the Patent Training course videos that were uploaded last week. Altogether, 45 videos were uploaded which totals right around 6 hours. This means about half of the new Patent Training Workshop is ready to go for you. It’s been a lot of work to put this together […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 141: Issues That Must be Completed During the Examination Before an Interference May be Called

Tue, 08 May 2018 14:00:07 +0000

Question: What are the three major issues that must be completed during the examination before an interference may be called? Answer: The three major issues that must be completed during the examination are: All pending claims must be allowed, finally rejected, or canceled All petitions must be decided All appeals from a final rejection must […]

read more


6 Hours of New Training Videos Uploaded Within the PES Patent Bar Review

Thu, 03 May 2018 14:22:34 +0000

We’ve just uploaded slightly under 6 hours of training videos for the New Patent Training Workshop. If you have a current membership to the PES Patent Bar review, you can access all these videos for free within the client center. You can reach the videos from the Dashboard which is the page you’re taken to […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 140: Status Identifiers Expected to Follow the Claim Number in an Amendment to the Claims

Tue, 01 May 2018 14:00:06 +0000

Question: List two status identifiers that are expected to follow the claim number in an amendment to the claims. Answer: Status is indicated in a parenthetical expression following the claim number by one of the following status identifiers: (original), (currently amended), (previously presented), (canceled), (withdrawn), (new), or (not entered). The status identifier (withdrawn – currently […]

read more


2018 USPTO Paper and Pencil Version of the Patent Bar Exam

Thu, 26 Apr 2018 14:10:39 +0000

The USPTO allows test takers to take the patent bar exam in a yearly paper and pencil session. It appears this upcoming paper and pencil session may be the last one offered.  Apparently, fewer and fewer people have been taking the paper version of the exam. The USPTO has proposed to discontinue the paper examination […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 139: Fees the Office Might Refund

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 14:00:44 +0000

Question: What fees might the Office refund? Answer: The Office may refund: A fee paid by mistake (e.g., fee paid when no fee is required); or Any fee paid in excess of the amount of fee that is required. Chapter Details: The answer to this question can be found in chapter 600 of the MPEP. […]

read more


Patent Bar Source Materials Changing After August 8th, 2018

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 14:10:07 +0000

The USPTO posted the update schedule for the patent bar source materials earlier this week. According to this latest notice, the 08.2017 version of the MPEP + 5 supplements will start being tested as of August 16th, 2018. Between now and August 8th, 2018, the 07.2015 version of the MPEP + 14 supplements will be […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 138: When May a Process and Apparatus for its Practice be Shown to be Distinct Inventions?

Tue, 17 Apr 2018 14:00:30 +0000

Question: When may a process and apparatus for its practice be shown to be distinct inventions? Answer: Process and apparatus for its practice can be shown to be distinct inventions, if either or both of the following can be shown: (A) that the process as claimed can be practiced by another materially different apparatus or […]

read more


How Old Is Too Old for Law School?

Thu, 12 Apr 2018 14:12:26 +0000

The average first-year law student is almost 26-years-old. Therefore, people in their 30’s and 40’s may think they are too old for starting a second career and going to law school, but it can still be a great choice for many. Here are some facts non-traditional students should know about law school admission. Advantages of […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 137: Who May a Party Dissatisfied with a Final Decision in a Derivation Proceeding Appeal To?

Tue, 10 Apr 2018 14:00:16 +0000

Question: Who may a party dissatisfied with a final decision in a derivation proceeding appeal to? Answer: A party dissatisfied with a final decision in a derivation proceeding may appeal to district court or the Federal Circuit. Chapter Details: The answer to this question can be found in the following supplement: Derivation Proceeding Final Rules. […]

read more


[Case Studies] Top 5 Careers for Scientists to Transition Into

Thu, 05 Apr 2018 14:15:48 +0000

Traditional career paths have changed. A career trajectory will have plateaus and dips as scientists change direction and build skills. Whether you’re a promising student or you have years of hands-on experience working for leading companies, career changes are often daunting enough; switching to a completely new area can be downright frightening. Five popular career […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 136: What a Reasons Document Should Include

Tue, 03 Apr 2018 14:00:03 +0000

Question: The reasons document explains why each item of information does or does not raise a substantial new question of patentability (or SNQ) in a supplemental examination. What should a reasons document include? Answer: The reasons document explains why each item of information does or does not raise a SNQ. The reasons document should include: […]

read more


Interested in Intellectual Property Law? Review These Top 8 IP Law Schools

Thu, 29 Mar 2018 14:15:38 +0000

According to a report by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, over 38 percent of the United States’ gross domestic product is made up of intellectual property. To name a few, the field of intellectual property law protects ownership claims to works of art, inventions, and written works. Any industry involving human creativity presents an […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 135: When May the Prior Art Date of a Reference Under Pre-AIA 35 U.S.C. 102(e) be the International Filing Date?

Tue, 27 Mar 2018 14:00:49 +0000

Question: When may the prior art date of a reference under pre-AIA 35 U.S.C. 102(e) be the international filing date? Answer: The prior art date of a reference under pre-AIA 35 U.S.C. 102(e) may be the international filing date if the international filing date was on or after November 29, 2000, the international application designated […]

read more


How to Keep Motivated While You Prepare for the Patent Bar Exam

Thu, 22 Mar 2018 14:13:47 +0000

Do you want to be a patent attorney, a patent agent, or get a start in the field of patent law? If so taking and passing the patent bar examination is the key to getting started. The focus of preparing for the patent bar exam should be to overcome exam difficulties which include: The long, […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 134: Who is Barred From Filing a Request for Ex Parte Reexamination of a Patent?

Tue, 20 Mar 2018 14:00:36 +0000

Question: Who is barred from filing a request for ex parte reexamination of a patent? Answer: “Any person” may file a request for ex parte reexamination of a patent, unless prohibited by AIA 35 U.S.C. 315(e)(1) or 35 U.S.C. 325(e)(1). Accordingly, there are no types of “persons” who are excluded from being able to seek reexamination. Corporations […]

read more


Top 5 Careers for Engineers to Transition Into

Thu, 15 Mar 2018 14:15:41 +0000

Whether you start out in mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, engineering management, or in civil engineering, a career change may be in the cards for you. The employment landscape of today rewards engineering graduates with the courage and perseverance to forge a career path that applies old skills to new challenges and opportunities. Career Transition Ideas […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 133: Correspondence That May be Transmitted by Facsimile.

Tue, 13 Mar 2018 14:00:17 +0000

Question: Name two types of correspondence that may be transmitted by facsimile. Answer: Types of correspondence which may be transmitted by facsimile include: CPAs (available for design applications only), amendments, declarations, petitions, information disclosure statements (IDS), terminal disclaimers, notices of appeal and appeal briefs, requests for continued examination (RCEs), assignment documents, issue fee transmittals and […]

read more


12 Costly Mistakes To Avoid After College

Thu, 08 Mar 2018 15:17:37 +0000

After graduation, many students experience some post-graduation consequences that are not much fun. The majority of 2016 college graduates found themselves approximately $37,000 in student loan debt and the average is growing. In addition, many college graduates have debt in other forms like; car loans and credit card debt. This is a list of common […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 132: What are the Three Separate and Distinct Requirements of the First Paragraph of 35 U.S.C. 112?

Tue, 06 Mar 2018 15:00:01 +0000

Question: What are the three separate and distinct requirements of the first paragraph of 35 U.S.C. 112? Answer: 35 U.S.C. 112(a) and pre-AIA 35 U.S.C. 112, first paragraph require that the specification include the following three separate and distinct requirements: A written description of the invention; The manner and process of making and using the […]

read more


Feeling Scared for Your First Patent Practitioner Job Interview? If So, Review These Tips

Thu, 01 Mar 2018 15:15:39 +0000

Why do job candidates get nervous during an interview? Dr. Tamar Chansky, the author of Freeing Yourself from Anxiety, believes the brain cannot distinguish between high stake situations such as a job interview and being under the threat of attack. The body gears up to fight or run for your life. Those uncomfortable and inconvenient […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 131: What Does an Applicant Who Uses the Patent Cooperation Treaty Gain the Benefit of?

Tue, 27 Feb 2018 15:00:26 +0000

Question: What does an applicant who uses the Patent Cooperation Treaty gain the benefit of? Answer: An applicant who uses the Patent Cooperation Treaty gains the benefit of: (A) a delay in the time when papers must be submitted to the national offices; (B) an international search (to judge the level of the relevant prior […]

read more


6 Time Management Tips for Studying for the Patent Bar Exam

Thu, 22 Feb 2018 15:16:44 +0000

Whether you purchase a patent bar review course or try to navigate the Manual of Patent Examining Procedures on your own, the patent bar exam encompasses many subjects and is difficult. It is manageable. Like any other test, your time invested in learning the material determines whether you will pass or fail the exam. The […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 130: What is a Covered Business Method Patent According to the AIA?

Tue, 20 Feb 2018 15:00:48 +0000

Question: What is a covered business method patent according to the AIA? Answer: The AIA specifies that a covered business method patent is a patent that claims a method or corresponding apparatus for performing data processing or other operations used in the practice, administration, or management of a financial product or service, except that the […]

read more


5 Patent Law Associations You Should Consider Joining

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 15:17:05 +0000

Joining a patent law association allows members to stay at the forefront of intellectual property law. The members are made up of a diverse group of lawyers and other professionals in corporate and private practice, the academic community, law school, and government services. There are individuals from institutions, companies, and law firms who are directly […]

read more


MPEP Q & A 129: How Applicants Can Rebut a Prima Facie Case of Obviousness Based on Overlapping Ranges?

Tue, 13 Feb 2018 15:00:35 +0000

Question: How can applicants rebut a prima facie case of obviousness based on overlapping ranges? Answer: Applicants can rebut a prima facie case of obviousness based on overlapping ranges by showing the criticality of the claimed range. In addition, an applicant can rebut a presumption of obviousness based on a claimed invention that falls within […]

read more


These news come from Patent Education Series.

Will the USPTO use annual patent practitioner dues to stop the unauthorized practice of law?

Wed, 15 Aug 2018 16:47:10 +0000

It is no secret to anyone in the industry; the unauthorized practice of law is rampant, and OED does nothing to stop it... If charging dues to patent practitioners will allow OED to put an end to the unauthorized practice of law many, if not most, practitioners would undoubtedly support the initiative. If OED plans to continue with a docket full of reciprocal discipline and only enforce ethics rules against registered practitioners, practitioners should loudly protest the imposition of annual...

read more


Litigating Copyrights: Is Registration required to get into Court?

Wed, 15 Aug 2018 13:20:26 +0000

While registration is required in order to file a lawsuit for copyright in federal court, there is currently a circuit split with regard to what part of the process must be complete in order to meet the “registration” standard.  According to 17 U.S.C. §411(b), “no civil action for infringement of the copyright in any United States work shall be instituted until preregistration or registration of the copyright claim has been made.”  The question that circuit courts seem to be divided on is...

read more


Judge Rules Photographer Owned Marilyn Monroe Photo Copyright, Fair Use Moves to Trial

Wed, 15 Aug 2018 10:05:22 +0000

U.S. District Judge Paul Engelmayer of the Southern District of New York recently entered an opinion and order in a copyright case involving the famed “Last Sitting” photographs of American movie star Marilyn Monroe. Although the case will continue to proceed towards a trial, Judge Engelmayer resolved various issues in the case including a determination that the owner of the copyrights to the Last Sitting photographs is the trust of the now-deceased photographer who took the photos and not...

read more


In an Abstract Idea Context, Little Is Unmistakably Within the Bright-line Eligibility Prohibition

Tue, 14 Aug 2018 14:28:08 +0000

It seems clear that the Supreme Court did not intend to categorically prohibit patenting of everything which can be characterized as an abstract idea at some level because the Court indicated that there are at least some abstract ideas that are sufficient to confer patent eligibility: namely, inventive concepts.  The Court’s bright-line prohibition against patenting laws of nature and mathematical formulas clearly was not intended to categorically prohibit patenting of everything which can be...

read more


Apple’s Declaratory Judgment Backfires, Turns Into $145.1M Damages Verdict Wi-LAN

Tue, 14 Aug 2018 10:05:49 +0000

On August 1st, a jury verdict entered in the Southern District of California awarded $145.1 million in reasonable royalty damages to Canadian IP licensing firm Wi-LAN in a patent infringement case against Cupertino, CA-based consumer device giant Apple Inc. The jury determined that Apple infringed upon claims of two patents owned by Wi-LAN. The post Apple’s Declaratory Judgment Backfires, Turns Into $145.1M Damages Verdict Wi-LAN appeared first on IPWatchdog.com | Patents & Patent...

read more


Misapplication of Obviousness: What the MPEP gets wrong about obviousness rejections

Mon, 13 Aug 2018 15:23:19 +0000

MPEP 2141 actually cites to Arendi, but then quotes the case entirely out of context. This is a worrisome problem that can be found in many parts of the MPEP, which makes the MPEP a useful reference tool to find relevant cases, but as useful as an opponent’s brief when it comes to accurately characterizing the holdings of decisions. For example, MPEP 2141 actually cites Arendi for the proposition that common sense can be used to supply a missing limitation from the prior art in an obviousness...

read more


Qualcomm Reaches Settlement With Taiwan Free Trade Commission Wiping Out Most of $773M Antitrust Penalty

Mon, 13 Aug 2018 10:05:43 +0000

On Thursday, August 9th, San Diego, CA-based semiconductor developer Qualcomm Inc. announced that it reached a mutually agreed settlement with the Taiwan Fair Trade Commission (TFTC) which greatly reduces the financial penalty assessed to Qualcomm by the TFTC for antitrust issues. Although the TFTC will retain about $93 million USD in fines which have been paid by Qualcomm through July, the settlement eliminates the remainder of the original fine valued at $773 million USD and issued by...

read more


The Implicit Exception to § 101 for Abstract Ideas Should Be Narrowly Construed

Sun, 12 Aug 2018 14:15:05 +0000

There is an alternative route is available to stay true to Supreme Court eligibility jurisprudence: Apply the Supreme Court’s standard approach of narrowly construing statutory exceptions to narrowly construe the implicit statutory exception to 35 U.S.C. § 101 for abstract ideas... In accordance with Supreme Court guidance regarding construction of statutory exceptions, the implicit statutory exception for abstract ideas should be construed “narrowly in order to preserve the primary operation...

read more


US Inventor Files Amicus Brief With CAFC in Support of En Banc Rehearing on Single-Reference Obviousness Issue

Sun, 12 Aug 2018 10:45:06 +0000

On August 1st, the non-profit inventor advocacy group US Inventor filed an amicus brief with the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit asking the court to grant a petition for en banc rehearing in American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. Unified Patents Inc. The case, which stems from the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB), involves issues regarding obviousness which US Inventor argues that the Federal Circuit should resolve through the en banc rehearing of this case... This uncertainty in...

read more


How to Write a Patent Application

Sat, 11 Aug 2018 15:44:57 +0000

Writing a patent application is not as easy as many think. Indeed, the concept of usefully describing the invention, which on its face seems easy enough to understand, is not as straight forward as it might seem, and why you cannot simply file an abbreviate description of an invention and think that suffices to protect anything really. This article looks at the most common parts of a patent application, and provides discussion about what each section needs to include. The post How to Write a...

read more


Disparaging, Immoral, and Scandalous Trademarks Since Matal v. Tam

Sat, 11 Aug 2018 12:05:35 +0000

A little more than one year ago, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down the Lanham Act’s disparagement clause as unconstitutional in Matal v. Tam, 137 S. Ct. 1744 (June 19, 2017).  While Tam settled some issues related to The Slants, the Washington Redskins, and D*kes on Bikes, the decision’s full impact remains to be seen. Issues remain ripe for future consideration. Most significantly, are trademarks considered “commercial speech?”  If so, laws relating to trademarks might be subject to relaxed...

read more


NASA Launches Parker Solar Probe to Study Formation of Solar Winds and Near-Sun Environment

Fri, 10 Aug 2018 18:31:07 +0000

In the early morning hours of Saturday, August 11th, NASA plans to launch the Parker Solar Probe, a spacecraft that is outfitted with various scientific instruments meant to study the near-Sun environment. At its closest, the Parker probe will collect data at 3.8 million miles from the Sun where it will experience temperatures reaching 2,500°F. The post NASA Launches Parker Solar Probe to Study Formation of Solar Winds and Near-Sun Environment appeared first on IPWatchdog.com | Patents &...

read more


These news come from IPWatchdog.com | Patents & Patent Law.

These news come from .

Patents & Inventions Law & Lawyers Links

Home Page | IP Australia


Use the links below to change slideshow content. Understanding Intellectual Property Learn about IP and how it applies to you and your business · What is IP ..


Internet Resource Guide: Intellectual Property Law


Internet resources relating to Australian Intellectual Property Law, including the Trade Marks Act 1995.


Intellectual property


You Are Here; Home -; Topics -; Law and justice -; Intellectual property .. The Advisory Council on Intellectual Property (ACIP) is an independent body appointed by .. and disciplinary regimes for Patent and Trade Mark attorneys in Australia.


Pages - Australian Government Attorney-General's Department


Australian Government Attorney-General's Department. Attorney Generals Department .. Trade law. International Trade law ..


this speech on IP - Federal Court of Australia


Rich Text Format - Intellectual property lawyers who have to apply these words are lonely people. They have to invent imaginary, but boring friends. Their favourite friend is a ..


- NZ FICPI.doc


Rich Text Format - If harmonization of Intellectual Property law between NZ or Australia is to proceed then FICPI suggests that the single regulatory framework for patent attorneys ..


Bills Digest 25, 2011-12 - Intellectual Property Laws Amendment ..


and the Institute of Patent and Trade Mark Attorneys: see Law Council of Australia, Submission to Intellectual. Property Laws Amendment ..


A GUIDE TO INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY FOR AUSTRALIA'S ..


Advice and assistance in design registration can be sought from a professional. Patent attorneys and intellectual property lawyers can be found in the Yellow ..


- 3260269_1.DOC


Rich Text Format - enforcement and exploitation of intellectual property rights. A trans-Tasman regulatory framework would, however, also allow for New Zealand patent attorneys ..

Submission on the Single Trans-Tasman Regulatory Framework for ..


Attorneys. All of these partners are qualified as both New Zealand and. Australian patent attorneys. A] Park Law specialises in intellectual property and ..


Visiting Patent & Trade Mark Attorney Program 1800 636 588


Visiting Patent & Trade Mark Attorney Program. Davies Collison Cave, Patent & Trade Mark Attorneys, together with its associated intellectual property law firm..


I DX SP20202, Wellington or PO Box 5041, Lambton Quay ..


Society's Intellectual Property Law Committee. In these .. It is suggested that wherein respect of a New Zealand lawyer/patent attomey a complaint is made ..


Strategies to Protect Your Intellectual Property


You can patent your IP through a patent attorney and/or an intellectual property lawyer, either of whom will take your current model and appropriately describe it ..


What we offer - Areas of law - Intellectual property


AGS - Australian Government Solicitor .. Competition and consumer law, Menu Plus .. intellectual property reform processes, including 'digital agenda' issues ..


IP Professionals and other sites | IP Australia


Understanding Intellectual Property Learn about IP and how it applies to you and .. The Institute of Patent and Trade Mark Attorneys of Australia (IPTA) - IPTA is the .. Law Council of Australia - The Law Council website links to the various law ..

We Speak Your Language

Thursday, 16 August 2018
Legal Advice News
Welcome to Australia’s number one legal advice website.
Do you need legal help? If so, then you have come to the right place.
We cover all legal matters in every legal area Australia Wide, including:
For a full list of all legal areas covered please visit our Legal Advice Areas page.
If you need legal advice then please complete your Free Legal Enquiry Form to be put in contact with the best lawyer for your legal matter.
NEW Family Law Section
Our new family law section covers every legal aspect of family law. If you are going through a separation and would like to know your rights entitlements with respect to property and children, then please complete your Free Legal Enquiry Form to be put in contact with the best lawyer for your legal matter.
A new family law section covers all aspects of Family Law & Relationships including:
We also cover all Other family law and legal relationship issues including:
  • Resolving problems with your relationship
  • Counselling and other support for your relationship
  • Domestic violence: protecting yourself and getting help
  • Ending a marriage or civil partnership
  • Planning and getting a divorce
  • Ending a civil partnership
  • Legal separation
  • Money, property and possessions when your relationship ends
  • If you're ending a marriage or civil partnership
  • If you're not married or in a civil partnership
  • Financial planning when your relationship ends
  • Working out money and property using financial orders - 'ancillary relief'
  • Looking after children if you divorce or separate
  • Looking after children if your relationship ends
  • Children, divorce, separation and courts
To seek legal advice and assistance from a specialist family lawyer regarding your particular legal situation, please complete your FREE legal enquiry form on the left, or click here.
Our Free legal enquiry service extends to every State and Territory Capital including:
  • Sydney Legal Advice
  • Darwin Legal Advice
  • Brisbane Legal Advice
  • Adelaide Legal Advice
  • Hobart Legal Advice
  • Melbourne Legal Advice
  • Perth Legal Advice
  • Canberra Legal Advice
IF you have a legal matter, whether it be family law, conveyancing, property law, compensation law or any other matter requiring personal legal services, then enquiry today - and get the legal help you deserve!

Conveyancing legal advice

Are you looking at buying or selling real estate? If so, then you need legal advice from a
Conveyancing Solicitor. A conveyancing solicitor will help guide you through the process of buying and selling real estate. If you are a purchaser or vendor then it's important you get legal advice regarding your contractual rights and obligations.  To seek legal advice pertaining to conveyancing, please complete free legal enquiry form or click on the following link for further information regarding conveyancing:

Family Law Legal Advice - Divorce Legal Advice
Do you need legal advice regarding any aspect of
family law? are you thinking about having a divorce?  If so then you need legal advice from a qualified family lawyer.  Family laws can be quite complex and difficult to navigate which is why it is important to obtain sound legal advice in order to protect your position. Our free legal enquiry service covers all aspects of family law. So if you need a family lawyer to give you the best legal advice regarding your legal situation, then don't delay enquire today!

Have you been in a car accident?

If you have been involved in a car accident, then the chances are that you could be entitled to claim compensation. It is important you seek legal advice immediately following are car accident as there are stringent time limits that apply to the making of CTP claims.

If you have suffered a personal injury in a car accident, either as a:  driver, passenger, cyclist, motor cycle rider or pedestrian, you could be entitled to claim compensation, whether you have minor soft tissue injuries, whiplash, broken limbs, head injuries or far more serious injuries. It is important you obtain sound legal advice without any delay. Enquire today to find out what compensation you could be entitled to.

To find out what compensation entitlements you could receive for your injuries please complete our no obligation, FREE Online legal Enquiry Form

Car accidents happen every day. If you have been affected from a road related incident, the chances are you could be entitled to claim a compensation payout. You should seek legal advice immediately. even if you are the victim of a hit-and-run accident you could still be eligible to claim compensation. Please complete your free legal enquiry form to find out more.

There are time limits that apply to CTP claims and it is important to seek legal advice immediately to ensure that your rights entitlements are protected.

Have you been involved in an accident with uninsured vehicle?

If so then you could be Eligible to claim compensation against the nominal defendant.

It is important to seek legal advice immediately. - please complete your free legal enquiry form to be put in contact with a lawyer who can help you with your claim.

If you have been injured in a Road related accident either as a driver, passenger, pedestrian, motorcyclist or cyclist, you could be entitled to claim a significant compensation payout. You should seek legal advice immediately to find out what you could be entitled to claim.

Legal advice for family law matters

Do you need legal advice regarding family law? If so, please complete your free legal enquiry form. Going through a separation and divorce can be a difficult time for those involved and that's why the process needs to run as smoothly as possible. It is therefore important that proper legal advice be obtained from a qualified legal practitioner practising family law who can help you and give you the legal advice you need to guide you through your difficult situation and ensure that the matter is dealt with as fairly as possible. Please complete your free legal enquiry form to find out more.

Car Accident Compensation

Have you been in a car accident? where you a driver, rider, passenger or pedestrian? If you answered "yes" to any of those questions, then you could be entitled to claim a significant compensation payout. To find out more please complete your free legal enquiry form.

 

Cyclist Accidents and Injuries

Quite often cyclists are not given proper care and attention by other road users. This can result in accidents occurring between car, trucks and other motor vehicles with bicycle riders. Motorists often fail to give way to cyclists therby causing an accident with the cyclist.

If you are a cyclist who has been involved in an accident, then the chances are you could be entitled to receive a significant compensation payout from the CTP insurer of the driver that caused the accident.

To find out more, please complete your free legal enquiry form.

Looking for a specialist lawyer or legal information?

Please complete our fast and
free legal enquiry form or

Disclaimer: there are advertising laws affecting personal injury claims. By using this site you agree to the Terms of Use.